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Table 3 Socio-demographic, clinical characteristics and univariable/multivariable associations with late HIV disease presentation (CD4 count ≤ 350 cells/μl) at initial clinic visit

From: Stage of HIV presentation at initial clinic visit following a community-based HIV testing campaign in rural Kenya

Characteristics Early presentation (CD4 > 350 cells/μl) N. (%)* Late presentation (CD4 ≤ 350 cells/μl) N. (%)* Unadj OR (95% CI) P Adj OR^(95% CI) P
All Participants 297 (34.5%) 564 (65.5%)     
HIV Testing Source       
IPC 34 (47.2%) 38 (52.8%) 1    
VCT 263 (33.3%) 526 (66.7%) 1.79 (1.10 – 2.90) 0.002 2.15 (1.28 – 3.60) 0.005
Age       
50 years and under 264 (35.3%) 468 (64.7%) 1   1  
Over 50 years 33 (33.1%) 96 (66.9%) 1.64 (1.07 – 2.51) 0.002 1.72 (1.09 – 2.74) 0.02
Gender       
Female 190 (51.5%) 348 (48.5%) 1   1  
Male 107 (47.7%) 216 (52.3%) 1.10 (0.82 – 1.48) 0.51 1.01 (0.73 – 1.40) 0.94
Marital status       
Married 150 (33.8%) 294 (66.2%) 1   1  
Never married 35 (41.2%) 50 (58.8%) 0.73 (0.45 – 1.17) 0.19 0.71 (0.44 – 1.16) 0.17
Divorced/widowed 79 (32.9%) 161 (67.1%) 1.04 (0.75 – 1.45) 0.82 0.96 (0.68 – 1.37) 0.83
  1. *Patients missing CD4 count removed from analysis (n = 891).
  2. 92 missing values.
  3. ^Adjusted for age, gender, marital status.