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Table 2 Socio-demographic, clinical characteristics and univariable/multivariable associations with late HIV disease presentation (WHO clinical stage 3 or 4) at initial clinic visit

From: Stage of HIV presentation at initial clinic visit following a community-based HIV testing campaign in rural Kenya

Characteristics Early presentation (WHO stage 1/2) N. (%)* Late presentation (WHO stage 3/4) N. (%)* Unadj OR (95% CI) P Adj OR^(95% CI) P
All participants 955 (72.7%) 359 (27.3%)     
HIV testing source       
IPC 75 (83.3%) 15 (16.7%) 1    
VCT 880 (71.9%) 344 (28.1%) 1.95 (1.11 – 3.45) 0.02 2.39 (1.24 – 4.60) 0.01
Age       
50 years and under 809 (73.1%) 297 (26.9%) 1   1  
Over 50 years 146 (70.2%) 62 (29.8%) 0.46 (0.28 – 0.74) 0.002 1.10 (0.77 – 1.57) 0.61
Gender       
Female 623 (74.5%) 210 (25.2%) 1   1  
Male 332 (69.0%) 149 (31.0%) 1.33 (1.04 – 1.71) 0.02 1.38 (1.04 – 1.83) 0.02
Marital status       
Married 524 (75.8%) 167 (24.2%) 1   1  
Never married 95 (76.0%) 30 (24.0%) 0.99 (0.63 – 1.55) 0.97 1.02 (0.65 – 1.59) 0.95
Divorced/widowed 252 (68.5%) 116 (31.5%) 1.44 (1.09 – 1.91) 0.01 1.55 (1.15 – 2.08) 0.004
  1. *Patients missing WHO stage removed from analysis (n = 438).
  2. 130 missing values.
  3. ^Adjusted for age, gender, marital status.