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Table 4 Predictors of adolescents' cigarette smoking in Madinah, Saudi Arabia*

From: Prevalence and predictors of adolescents’ cigarette smoking in Madinah, Saudi Arabia: a school-based cross-sectional study

  Smokers (n = 504) Non-smokers (n = 2818) OR** 95% CI
Friends smoking     
No 94 1799 1.00 Ref.
Some 233 780 5.70 4.40-7.37
Most or all 127 239 12.5 9.40-16.8
Parents smoking     
No 393 2254 1.00 Ref.
One parent 135 526 1.30 1.01-1.65
Both 26 38 2.95 1.60-5.22
Pocket money per month     
≤300 SR 425 2558 1.00 Ref.
>300 SR 79 260 1.65 1.22-2.23
Have seen cigarette advertisements in mass media     
No 499 2319 1.00 Ref.
Yes 123 381 1.25 0.95-1.55
Belief that smoking is harmful     
No 96 247 1.00 Ref.
Yes 408 2571 0.40 0.30-0.55
  1. *Based on predictor regression model; including variables being significant in Tables 2 and 3.
  2. **OR adjusted by age, sex, school level and parents’ education.