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Table 5 Population characteristics by baby's HIV status at 18 months

From: Evaluation of the impact of a mobile health system on adherence to antenatal and postnatal care and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programs in Kenya

Characteristic Total Positive Negative p-value
  N = 176 N = 6 N = 82  
  N % n % n %  
Age (Years)        
15-19 4 4.6 0 0.0 4 4.9 0.9204
20-24 23 26.1 1 16.7 22 26.8  
25-29 29 33.0 2 33.3 27 32.9  
30-34 21 23.9 2 33.3 19 23.2  
35-39 10 11.3 1 16.7 9 11.0  
40-44 1 1.1 0 0.0 1 1.2  
Missing 88       
Facility        
Gongo HC 3 3.4 0 0.0 3 3.7 0.0914
Lihanda HC 2 2.3 0 0.0 2 2.4  
Marenyo HC 17 19.3 4 66.7 13 15.9  
Masogo Disp 1 1.1 0 0.0 1 1.2  
Mindhine Disp 3 3.4 0 0.0 3 3.7  
Nyawara HC 19 21.6 0 0.0 19 23.2  
Ramula HC 13 14.8 2 33.3 11 13.4  
Sauri HC 4 4.6 0 0.0 4 4.9  
Yala SDH 26 29.6 0 0.0 26 31.7  
Missing 88       
Intervention*        
0 33 37.5 3 50.0 30 36.6 0.4998
1 35 39.8 3 50.0 32 39.0  
2 20 22.7 0 0.0 20 24.4  
Missing 88       
Trimester of 1st Visit        
1st 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.0677
2nd 48 57.1 5 100.0 43 54.4  
3rd 36 42.9 0 0.0 36 45.6  
Missing 92       
Baby Follow Up's        
<6 13 14.8 2 13.3 11 13.4 0.2144
≥6 75 85.2 4 66.7 71 86.6  
Missing 88       
ANC Visits        
<4 45 51.4 0 0.0 45 54.9 0.0112
≥4 43 48.9 6 100.0 37 45.1  
Missing 88       
Marital Status        
Married 85 96.6 6 100.0 79 96.3 1.0000
Widowed 1 1.1 0 0.0 1 1.2  
Single 2 2.3 0 0.0 2 76.8  
Separated 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0  
Missing 88       
Parity        
0 8 9.1 0 0.0 8 9.8 0.1064
1-3 68 77.3 5 83.3 63 76.8  
4-6 11 12.5 0 0.0 11 13.4  
≥7 1 1.1 1 16.7 0 0.0  
Missing 88       
ART Administration        
No 58 69.1 5 83.3 53 68.0 0.6608
Yes 26 31.0 1 16.7 25 32.1  
Missing 92       
Key        
  1. *Intervention: 0 = outside cluster and outside APAS, 1 = in cluster and outside APAS, 2 = in cluster and in APAS.
  2. Italicized p-value = Derived from Fisher's exact test (not chi-square).
  3. Bold figures = Significant association.