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Table 1 Population characteristics by number of ANC visits: women presenting for 1st ANC in 2nd trimester

From: Evaluation of the impact of a mobile health system on adherence to antenatal and postnatal care and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV programs in Kenya

Characteristic Total ≥4 <4 p-value
  N = 348 N = 293 N = 55  
  N % n % n %  
Age (Years)        
<15 3 0.9 3 1.0 0 0.0 0.9555
15-19 73 21.0 61 20.8 12 21.8  
20-24 121 34.8 101 34.5 20 36.4  
25-29 69 19.8 57 19.5 12 21.8  
30-34 53 15.2 46 15.7 7 12.7  
35-39 25 7.2 22 7.5 3 5.5  
40-44 4 1.2 3 1.0 1 1.8  
Facility        
Gongo HC 42 12.1 37 12.6 5 9.1 0.0979
Lihanda HC 30 8.6 23 7.9 7 12.7  
Marenyo HC 37 10.6 33 11.3 4 7.3  
Masogo Disp 45 12.9 37 12.6 8 14.6  
Mindhine Disp 38 10.9 36 12.3 2 3.6  
Nyawara HC 39 11.2 35 12.0 4 7.3  
Ramula HC 42 12.1 34 11.6 8 14.6  
Sauri HC 35 10.1 24 8.2 11 20.0  
Yala SDH 40 11.5 34 11.6 6 10.9  
Intervention*        
0 117 33.6 97 33.1 20 36.4 0.0346
1 132 37.9 105 35.8 27 49.1  
2 99 28.5 91 31.1 8 14.6  
Mother's HIV Status        
Negative 253 72.7 219 74.7 34 61.8 0.0483
Positive 95 27.3 74 25.3 21 38.2  
Marital Status        
Married 318 91.4 269 91.8 49 89.1 0.5880
Widowed 1 0.3 1 0.3 0 0.0  
Single 28 8.1 22 7.5 6 10.9  
Separated 1 0.3 1 0.3 0 0.0  
Parity        
0 86 24.7 70 23.9 16 29.1 0.7284
1-3 198 56.9 168 57.3 30 54.6  
4-6 59 17.0 51 17.4 8 14.6  
≥7 5 1.4 4 1.4 1 1.8  
Key        
  1. *Intervention: 0 = outside cluster and outside APAS, 1 = in cluster and outside APAS, 2 = in cluster and in APAS.
  2. Italicized p-value = Derived from Fisher's exact test (not chi-square).
  3. Bold figures = Significant association.