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Table 5 Multivariate analysis of risk factors for wasting in Southern Ethiopia

From: Determinants of underweight, stunting and wasting among schoolchildren

Variable Normal BMI/age Wasted Crude OR(95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Sex     
Male 172 37 1 1
Female 209 27 0.6(0.3,10) 0.6(0.3,1.1)
Age     
7_9 113 10 1 1
10_14 268 54 2.3(1.1,4.6) 2.2(1,4.8)
Maternal education     
No education 191 44 1 1
Read and write 112 12 0.5(0.2,0.9) 0.6(0.3,1.3)
Primary education 70 8 0.5(0.2,1.1) 0.6(0.2,1.4)
Secondary 8 0 NA NA
Ascariasis     
No ascariasis 190 32 1 1
Yes ascariasis 191 32 1.0(0.6,1.7) 1.0(0.5,1.9)
Hook worm     
No hook worm 369 63 1 1
Yes hook worm 12 1 0.5(0.1,3.8) 0.5(0.1, 4.6)
Trichuriasis     
No trichuriasis 366 60 1 1
Yes trichuriasis 15 4 1.6(0.5,5.1) 2.0(0.6,7.2)
Food security status     
Food secure 219 23 1 1
Mild 109 20 1.8(0.9,3.3) 1.6(0.8,3.3)
Moderate 17 12 6.7(2.9,15.8) 4.8(1.7,13.6)***
Severe 36 9 2.4(1.0,5.5) 2.1(0.8,5.6)
Family size     
Small 128 8 1 1
Medium 170 38 3.6(1.6,7.9) 3.3(1.4,7.9)**
Large 83 18 3.5(1.4,8.3) 2.5(0.9,6.7)
Family monthly, USD     
<10 213 39 1 1
11-25 118 15 0.7(0.4,1.3) 0.7(0.3,1.4)
>25 50 10 1.1(0.5,2.3) 1.6(0.6,3.8)
Personal hygiene     
Very good 47 7 1 1
Good 249 36 0.9(0.4,2.3) 0.8(0.3,2.3)
Poor 85 21 1.6(0.6,4.2) 1.5(0.5,4.6)
Energy intake     
Adequate 203 25 1 1
Inadequate 178 39 1.8(1.0, 3.0) 1.3(0.7,2.4)
CHO intake     
Adequate 342 44 1 1
Inadequate 39 20 3.9(2.1, 7.5) 3.1(1.4,6.8)**
  1. ***P value < 0.001, **P value < 0.01. BMI = body mass index, CHO = carbohydrate. In the fully adjusted model: sex, age, family size, maternal education, monthly income, household food insecurity, infection with ascariasis,trichuriasis, hookworm and helmithiasis were used for underweight, stunting and wasting. For wasting, in addition to these factors intakes of energy and carbohydrate were used.