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Table 1 Age-specific prevalence (%) of some major diseases, by sex (51 768 men and 105 313 women aged 35–84 years)

From: The prevalence of chronic diseases and major disease risk factors at different ages among 150 000 men and women living in Mexico City: cross-sectional analyses of a prospective study

    No. (%) with disease
       Cancer     
  Age at resurvey Number recruited Diabetes IHD Stroke Cervix Breast Prostate Other Any COPD CKD Cirrhosis Peptic ulcer
Men 35–44 16777 804
(4.8%)
72
(0.4%)
61
(0.4%)
- - 3
(0.0%)
32
(0.2%)
34
(0.2%)
12
(0.1%)
86
(0.5%)
18
(0.1%)
252
(1.5%)
  45–54 13776 1811
(13.1%)
171
(1.2%)
106
(0.8%)
- - 8
(0.1%)
45
(0.3%)
53
(0.4%)
20
(0.1%)
87
(0.6%)
25
(0.2%)
260
(1.9%)
  55–64 10259 2064
(20.1%)
279
(2.7%)
167
(1.6%)
- - 25
(0.2%)
58
(0.6%)
81
(0.8%)
52
(0.5%)
122
(1.2%)
48
(0.5%)
255
(2.5%)
  65–74 7300 1736
(23.8%)
352
(4.8%)
202
(2.8%)
- - 49
(0.7%)
49
(0.7%)
96
(1.3%)
88
(1.2%)
81
(1.1%)
39
(0.5%)
199
(2.7%)
  75–84 3656 712
(19.5%)
198
(5.4%)
127
(3.5%)
- - 49
(1.3%)
45
(1.2%)
91
(2.5%)
65
(1.8%)
38
(1.0%)
12
(0.3%)
132
(3.6%)
Women 35–44 37591 1474
(3.9%)
146
(0.4%)
166
(0.4%)
170
(0.5%)
57
(0.2%)
- 103
(0.3%)
326
(0.9%)
19
(0.1%)
246
(0.7%)
8
(0.0%)
463
(1.2%)
  45–54 29413 3586
(12.2%)
228
(0.8%)
247
(0.8%)
194
(0.7%)
141
(0.5%)
- 151
(0.5%)
475
(1.6%)
34
(0.1%)
257
(0.9%)
25
(0.1%)
471
(1.6%)
  55–64 19303 4418
(22.9%)
321
(1.7%)
270
(1.4%)
152
(0.8%)
124
(0.6%)
- 126
(0.7%)
396
(2.1%)
51
(0.3%)
232
(1.2%)
30
(0.2%)
340
(1.8%)
  65–74 13025 3505
(26.9%)
392
(3.0%)
299
(2.3%)
116
(0.9%)
70
(0.5%)
- 93
(0.7%)
273
(2.1%)
62
(0.5%)
138
(1.1%)
16
(0.1%)
297
(2.3%)
  75–84 5981 1368
(22.9%)
243
(4.1%)
180
(3.0%)
43
(0.7%)
48
(0.8%)
- 51
(0.9%)
140
(2.3%)
53
(0.9%)
57
(1.0%)
13
(0.2%)
132
(2.2%)
  1. IHD = ischaemic heart disease, COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CKD = chronic kidney disease
  2. The standard errors for each of the estimated prevalences above are small: for cancers (< 0.3% [≤ 0.1% excluding age range 75–84 years]); for COPD (≤ 0.2%); for CKD (< 0.2%); for cirrhosis (< 0.1%) and for peptic ulcer (≤ 0.3%). For diabetes, IHD and stroke, 95% confidence intervals around prevalence estimates are shown in Figure 1.