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Table 2 Percentage travelling further than their nearest clinic and additional distance travelled$

From: Influence of socio-demographic factors on distances travelled to access HIV services: enhanced surveillance of HIV patients in north west England

    Predicting travelling further Number of additional km
  n df % X2 Adj OR (95% CI) Adjusted mean (95%CI)$ F
Age   3   38.7***   Excluded final model NS
Under 20 94   79   Reference category   
20–34 1306   47   0.341 (0.196–0.595)***   
35–49 2052   51   0.355 (0.204–0.618)***   
50+ 531   51   0.321 (0.180–0.573)***   
Level of antiretroviral therapy   2   37***    6.4**
None 1333   53   Reference category 3.3 (2.9, 3.9)  
Mono/dual/triple 1935   56   1.515 (1.307–1.757)*** 4.2 (3.7, 4.7)a  
Quadruple or more 715   44   1.658 (1.372–2.004)*** 4.1 (3.5, 4.9)a  
Route and sex   3   68.2***    4.5**
Sex between men 2172   53   Reference category 3.1 (2.7, 3.7)a  
Male heterosexual 575   41   0.630 (0.503–0.788)*** 4.1 (3.4, 4.9)a, b  
Female heterosexual 951   45   0.758 (0.608–0.945)* 4.2 (3.6, 4.8)a, b  
Other 285   67   1.359 (1.018–1.815)* 4.1 (3.4, 5.1)b  
Deprivation and urban category   3   42.3***    36***
Not urban, least deprived 150   59   1.846 (1.302–2.617)** 7.7 (5.8, 10.1)Ŧ  
Urban, least deprived 1192   56   1.533 (1.303–1.805)*** 4.2 (3.6, 4.8)Ŧ  
Urban, average 1347   51   1.347 (1.152–1.574)*** 3.0 (2.7, 3.4)Ŧ  
Urban, most deprived 1294   44   Reference category 2.3 (2.0, 2.6)Ŧ  
Ethnicity and residency   5   21.0** Excluded final model   2.0
British white 2618   53    4.6 (4.1, 5.1)a  
British black African 419   46    4.3 (3.5, 5.2)a  
British other/unknown 226   52    4.4 (3.4, 5.5)a  
Asylum seeker 367   42    3.6 (2.9, 4.5)a  
Overseas student 109   44    3.5 (2.4, 5.0)a  
Other non national 244   48    3.1 (2.4, 4.0)a  
Total 3983   50     
  1. Univariate Chi square analysis and multivariate logistic regression to predict extra travel. Indendent predictors of additional distance travelled determined by general linear modelling.
  2. $Extra distance travelled: overall model F13,1956 = 16.2, P < 0.001, adjusted R2 = 0.091
  3. $Adjusted means in the same group with the same letter do not significantly differ after post hoc analysis (Bonferroni multiple comparisons).
  4. Ŧall means significantly different from each other after Bonferroni multiple comparisons
  5. *** P < 0.001, ** P < 0.01, * P < 0.05