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Table 5 Associations of HIV belief/knowledge factors with stigma, disclosure, and ARV treatment outcome variables.

From: Religion and HIV in Tanzania: influence of religious beliefs on HIV stigma, disclosure, and treatment attitudes

  Expresses Shame-Related HIV Stigma Willing to Disclose Would Start ARVs
  Unadj. OR
(Adj. OR)
P-value Unadj. OR
(Adj. OR)
P-value Unadj. OR
(Adj. OR)
P-value
Believes prayer can cure HIV 1.02
(0.88)
0.899
(0.504)
1.36
(0.99)
0.074
(0.961)
1.06
(2.07)
0.814
(0.171)
Believes HIV is a punishment from God 1.56
(1.46)
<0.001***
(0.008**)
1.17
(1.22)
0.269
(0.306)
0.89
(0.73)
0.570
(0.337)
Believes people with HIV have not followed the Word of God 1.75
(1.92)
<0.001***
(<0.001***)
1.15
(1.15)
0.382
(0.519)
0.85
(1.05)
0.437
(0.876)
ARV knowledge 0.90
(1.01)
0.519
(0.949)
0.96
(1.11)
1.00
(0.677)
1.98
(2.98)
0.003**
(0.002**)
Has had HIV test 1.00
(1.00)
1.00
(0.989)
1.41
(1.66)
0.019*
(0.020*)
0.97
(1.04)
0.887
(0.913)
Fears casual-contact HIV transmission 1.29
(1.11)
0.011*
(0.464)
0.87
(0.90)
0.320
(0.600)
1.28
(1.52)
0.229
(0.173)
Never uses condoms 1.00
(0.83)
1.00
(0.233)
1.35
(1.38)
0.060
(0.116)
0.56
(0.70)
0.027*
(0.329)
  1. The first OR shown is unadjusted. The second OR shown (in parentheses) is adjusted for the HIV belief/knowledge factors listed in the first column as well as for the demographic factors shown in Table 4. Significance levels of p < 0.05, p < 0.01, and p < 0.001 denoted by *, **, and ***, respectively. The 95% confidence intervals are reported in Additional file 1.