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Table 3 Survey responses.

From: Religion and HIV in Tanzania: influence of religious beliefs on HIV stigma, disclosure, and treatment attitudes

  Percent Respondents (%) TOTAL Urban Rural Cath. Luth. Pent. Male Female
1 Believes HIV is a punishment from God 53.2 47.7 * 60.8 * 47.1 53.2 60.3 49.3 57.2
  Believes PLWHA have not followed the Word of God 34.9 26.9 *** 46.3 *** 23.1 ** 42.6 ** 38.3 ** 35.9 34.3
  Believes prayer can cure HIV 80.8 81.3 80.0 64.6 *** 83.4 *** 94.4 *** 79.8 82.1
2 ARV knowledge 81.4 84.8 * 76.6 * 82.4 82.3 79.3 81.4 81.3
  Has been tested for HIV 42.7 51.2 *** 30.3 *** 40.8 40.9 46.8 40.6 44.8
  Fears casual contact HIV transmission 56.2 53.6 59.9 56.0 57.6 54.8 54.7 57.4
  Of sexually active respondents, % that never uses condoms 55.5 41.6 *** 73.0 *** 42.4 *** 56.4 *** 69.7 *** 45.5 *** 65.8 ***
3 Expresses shame-related HIV stigma 54.6 56.0 52.6 51.8 * 49.4 * 64.3 * 52.8 56.4
  Willing to disclose to religious community 84.2 83.3 85.4 81.5 * 80.6 * 91.6 * 82.9 85.8
  If HIV+, would NOT start ARVs (even) if doctor recommends 6.3 6.8 5.6 2.4 *** 3.3 *** 14.3 *** 5.0 7.6
  1. Responses concerning (1) religious beliefs about HIV, (2) knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to HIV and ARVs, and (3) the outcome variables, grouped by urban or rural setting, survey collection church, and gender. Chi square test significance levels of p < 0.05, p < 0.01, and p < 0.001 denoted by *, **, and ***, respectively.