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Table 2 Adolescent's perceptions of parental practices on children's smoking.

From: Adolescent's perceptions and expectations of parental action on children's smoking and snus use; national cross sectional data from three decades

   13 yr 15 yr 17 yr Total
By trying to persuade their children not to smoke 1987 92 86 79 86
  1994 94 90 89 91
  2003 96 93 92 94
By not smoking themselves 1987 86 86 86 86
  1994 86 86 89 87
  2003 88 86 88 87
By not allowing the children to smoke at home 1987 63 64 59 62
  1994 84 82 76 81
  2003 87 87 84 86
By forbidding their children to smoke 1987 45 22 12 26
  1994 54 33 23 37
  2003 76 58 44 59
By reducing their children's pocket money* 1987 - - - -
  1994 37 23 17 26
  2003 53 39 32 42
  1. Adolescents answering yes in percent, by age, survey year and order of precedence.
  2. All differences over time are statistically significant p < 0.001, with the exception of alternative "By not smoking themselves" with p = 0.038
  3. * The alternative was not in the 1987 questionnaire