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Table 4 Estimated annual costs of detection and management of cervical dysplasia (including follow-up), Italy 2005.

From: Epidemiology and costs of cervical cancer screening and cervical dysplasia in Italy

  Annual cost (€)
Total screening costs 158,541,733
Screening program  
   Cost of invitations 9,293,041
   Cost of Pap smears 13,104,094
Opportunistic screening 130,140,608
Repeated Pap smears 6,003,989