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Table 2 Factors associated with consistent condom use among a cohort of street-involved youth (n = 415).

From: Structural factors associated with an increased risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infection transmission among street-involved youth

Characteristic Consistent
n (%)
n = 127
Inconsistent
n (%)
n = 288
Odds Ratio
(95% CI)
p – value
Age     
   < 22 61 (48.0) 162 (56.3) 0.72 (0.47 – 1.09) 0.150
   ≥ 22 66 (52.0) 126 (43.7)   
Sex     
   Female 36 (28.6) 95 (33.1) 0.81 (0.51 – 1.28) 0.426
   Male 90 (71.4) 192 (66.9)   
Aboriginal ethnicity     
   Yes 37 (29.1) 67 (23.3) 1.36 (0.85 – 2.17) 0.251
   No 90 (70.9) 221 (76.7)   
Sexual orientation     
   LGBTTa 9 (7.1) 44 (15.3) 0.42 (0.20 – 0.90) 0.033
   Heterosexual 117 (92.9) 243 (84.7)   
Relationship status     
   Single/Dating 105 (84.0) 193 (67.7) 2.50 (1.46 – 4.30) 0.001
   Regular Partner 20 (16.0) 92 (32.3)   
Depression b     
   Yes 63 (51.2) 153 (55.2) 0.98 (0.64 – 1.49) 0.526
   No 60 (48.8) 124 (44.8)   
Self Efficacy LHRB c     
   Low 46 (36.8) 129 (46.4) 0.67 (0.44 – 1.04) 0.091
   High 79 (63.2) 149 (53.6)   
Number of sex partners     
   > 1 79 (62.2) 165 (57.3) 1.23 (0.80 – 1.88) 0.407
   ≤ 1 48 (37.8) 123 (42.7)   
Anal intercourse     
   Yes 12 (9.8) 59 (20.9) 0.41 (0.21 – 0.79) 0.010
   No 111 (90.2) 223 (79.1)   
Sexual abuse     
   Yes 33 (26.6) 79 (27.7) 0.95 (0.59 – 1.52) 0.912
   No 91 (73.4) 206 (72.3)   
Drug dealing     
   Yes 71 (55.9) 175 (60.8) 0.82 (0.54 – 1.25) 0.412
   No 56 (44.1) 113 (39.2)   
Alcohol dependence     
   Yes 56 (47.1) 154 (55.8) 0.70 (0.46 – 1.09) 0.137
   No 63 (52.9) 122 (44.2)   
Crack use     
   Yes 67 (52.8) 174 (60.4) 0.73 (0.48 – 1.12) 0.177
   No 60 (47.2) 114 (39.6)   
Cocaine use     
   Yes 58 (45.7) 137 (47.6) 0.93 (0.61 – 1.41) 0.802
   No 69 (54.3) 151 (52.4)   
Heroin use     
   Yes 43 (33.9) 93 (32.3) 1.07 (0.69 – 1.67) 0.842
   No 84 (66.1) 195 (67.7)   
Crystal meth use     
   Yes 52 (40.9) 146 (50.7) 0.67 (0.44 – 1.03) 0.084
   No 75 (59.1) 142 (49.3)   
Injection drug use     
   Yes 35 (27.6) 84 (29.2) 0.92 (0.58 – 1.47) 0.829
   No 92 (72.4) 204 (70.8)   
Syringe sharing     
   Yes 7 (5.5) 32 (11.1) 0.47 (0.20 – 1.09) 0.105
   No 120 (94.5) 256 (88.9)   
Binge drug use     
   Yes 49 (39.8) 139 (49.5) 0.68 (0.44 – 1.04) 0.094
   No 74 (60.2) 142 (50.5)   
Homeless     
   Yes 91 (71.7) 227 (78.8) 0.68 (0.42 – 1.10) 0.143
   No 36 (28.3) 61 (21.2)   
Barriers to health/HR d services     
   Yes 14 (11.0) 54 (18.9) 0.53 (0.28 – 1.00) 0.065
   No 113 (89.0) 232 (81.1)   
Jacked up     
   Yes 55 (44.4) 135 (47.5) 0.88 (0.58 – 1.35) 0.628
   No 69 (55.6) 149 (52.5)   
Warrants     
   Yes 4 (3.2) 5 (1.8) 1.82 (0.48 – 6.92) 0.492
   No 121 (96.8) 275 (98.2)   
Unable to access treatment     
   Yes 13 (10.2) 37 (12.9) 0.77 (0.39 – 1.51) 0.548
   No 114 (89.8) 250 (87.1)   
Assault from police/guards     
   Yes 27 (21.8) 67 (23.7) 0.90 (0.54 – 1.49) 0.771
   No 97 (78.2) 216 (76.3)   
  1. Note: a – LGBTT denotes lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered/transsexual; b – CES-D standard cut-off score of 16 or greater; c – denotes self-efficacy for limiting HIV risk behaviours scale;
  2. d – HR denotes harm reduction; ¶ – dichotomisation based on sample median; † – refers to activities in the past 6 months; ‡ – refers to lifetime history.