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Table 1 Factors associated with number of sex partners among a cohort of street-involved youth (n = 529).

From: Structural factors associated with an increased risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infection transmission among street-involved youth

  Unadjusted Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) Adjusted Incidence Rate Ratio (aIRR)
Characteristic IRR (95% CI) p – value aIRR (95% CI) p – value
Age (per year older) 0.98 (0.93 – 1.04) 0.566    
Sex (female vs. male) 0.80 (0.57 – 1.13) 0.198    
Aboriginal ethnicity (yes vs. no) 0.84 (0.58 – 1.22) 0.366    
Sexual orientation (LGBTTa vs. heterosexual) 1.90 (1.37 – 2.63) < 0.001 1.58 (1.16 – 2.16) 0.004
Relationship (single vs. partner) 1.79 (1.19 – 2.69) 0.005 1.44 (1.04 – 2.00) 0.028
Depression b (yes vs. no) 1.14 (0.84 – 1.56) 0.402    
Self-Efficacy LHRB c (low vs. high) 1.55 (1.14 – 2.13) 0.006 1.41 (1.10 – 1.81) 0.007
Condom use (consistent vs. inconsistent) 0.86 (0.62 – 1.20) 0.380    
Anal intercourse (yes vs. no) 2.52 (1.83 – 3.48) < 0.001 2.01 (1.51 – 2.69) < 0.001
Sexual abuse (yes vs. no) 1.67 (1.25 – 2.24) < 0.001 1.40 (1.08 – 1.83) 0.011
Drug dealing (yes vs. no) 1.30 (0.95 – 1.77) 0.104    
Alcohol dependence (yes vs. no) 1.32 (0.97 – 1.79) 0.073 1.05 (0.82 – 1.35) 0.711
Crack use (yes vs. no) 1.45 (1.07 – 1.98) 0.018 1.20 (0.88 – 1.64) 0.249
Cocaine use (yes vs. no) 1.62 (1.20 – 2.19) 0.002 1.63 (1.28 – 2.08) < 0.001
Heroin use (yes vs. no) 0.99 (0.72 – 1.37) 0.952    
Crystal meth use (yes vs. no) 1.07 (0.79 – 1.44) 0.671    
Injection drug use (yes vs. no) 1.01 (0.73 – 1.40) 0.944    
Sharing syringes (yes vs. no) 1.17 (0.72 – 1.91) 0.521    
Binge drug use (yes vs. no) 1.35 (1.00 – 1.83) 0.047 0.94 (0.71 – 1.26) 0.681
Homelessness (yes vs. no) 1.87 (1.24 – 2.82) 0.003 1.54 (1.11 – 2.14) 0.011
Barriers to health/HR d services (yes vs. no)    < 0.001*    < 0.001*
   Male 0.97 (0.62 – 1.51) 0.889 0.82 (0.57 – 1.16) 0.259
   Female 1.92 (0.97 – 3.79) 0.061 1.76 (0.98 – 3.15) 0.058
Jacked up (yes vs. no)    < 0.001*    < 0.001*
   Male 1.53 (1.07 – 2.18) 0.020 1.36 (1.02 – 1.81) 0.034
   Female 1.15 (0.62 – 2.10) 0.661 0.85 (0.51 – 1.41) 0.526
Warrants (yes vs. no) 2.51 (1.21 – 5.18) 0.007 2.32 (1.28 – 4.18) 0.005
Unable to access treatment (yes vs. no) 1.14 (0.74 – 1.78) 0.545    
Assault from police/guards (yes vs. no) 1.12 (0.79 – 1.61) 0.500    
  1. Note: a – LGBTT denotes lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgendered/transsexual; b – CES-D standard cut-off score of 16 or greater;
  2. c – denotes self-efficacy for limiting HIV risk behaviours scale; d – HR denotes harm reduction; † – refers to activities in the past 6 months; ‡ – refers to lifetime history; * – overall p-value for main and interaction effect