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Table 4 Baseline and follow-up lifestyle behaviour outcomes, by treatment group

From: Phone and e-mail counselling are effective for weight management in an overweight working population: a randomized controlled trial

  Control group   Phone group    Internet group   
  Baseline Follow-up Baseline Follow-up Change vs. control (95% CI) Baseline Follow-up Change vs. control (95% CI)
Diet n = 261   n = 263    n = 263   
Fat (SD), score/day 18.6 (6.2) 16.7 (5.9) 18.6 (5.9) 15.7 (5.5) -1.0* (-1.7; -0.2) 18.0 (6.3) 15.6 (5.9) -0.7 (-1.4; 0.04)
Vegetablesa (IQR), g/day 143 (100; 193) 143 (100; 193) 136 (93; 193) 143 (100; 193) 9 (-1; 20) 129 (86; 171) 129 (100; 186) -2 (-12; 9)
≥ 200 g veg./day, No (%) 54 (20.7) 56 (21.5) 50 (19.0) 56 (21.3) - 47 (17.9) 48 (18.3) -
Fruita (IQR), piecesb/day 1.6 (1.0; 2.6) 1.9 (1.0; 2.9) 1.7 (0.9; 2.6) 2.0 (1.3; 2.6) 0.2 (-0.02; 0.4) 1.6 (0.9; 2.4) 1.7 (1.3; 2.4) -0.04 (-0.2; 0.2)
≥ 2 pieces fruit/day, No (%) 96 (36.8) 109 (41.8) 100 (38.0) 114 (43.3) - 90(34.2) 104 (39.5) -
Physical activity n = 260   N = 263    n = 263   
Total PAa (IQR), METmins./wk. 6114 (3273; 8755) 5940 (3596; 9141) 5895 (3250; 8690) 6875 (4645; 9483) 866* (203; 1530) 6060 (3240; 8355) 7080 (4260; 9145) 431 (-233; 1095)
≥ 30 mins./5 days a week, No (%) 91 (35.0) 100 (38.5) 83 (31.6) 131 (49.8) - 81 (30.8) 116 (44.1) -
  1. All analyses based on complete data.
  2. aMedian, bOne piece or portion of fruit approximates 100 grams.
  3. IQR = interquartile range, PA = physical activity, * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001