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Table 3 Weight dissatisfaction percentages, odds ratios and confidence intervals by gender and parents' communication

From: Body weight dissatisfaction and communication with parents among adolescents in 24 countries: international cross-sectional survey

Country Boys Girls
  Communication with father Communication with mother Communication with father Communication with mother
  Easy % Difficult % OR 95%CI Easy % Difficult % OR 95%CI Easy % Difficult % OR 95%CI Easy % Difficult % OR 95%CI
Belgium-Flanders 21.5 27.1 1.26 (1.00–1.59) 23.1 26.0 1.07 (0.82–1.41) 33.4 46.3 1.52*** (1.26–1.83) 36.9 50.1 1.51*** (1.22–1.87)
Canada 25.0 32.1 1.25 (0.92–1.68) 25.6 34.4 1.35 (0.96–1.91) 33.5 50.9 1.76*** (1.39–2.23) 39.6 53.5 1.29* (1.00–1.67)
Switzerland 20.5 29.2 1.47* (1.09–1.97) 22.3 27.1 0.92 (0.65–1.31) 36.1 50.0 1.31* (1.04–1.65) 39.2 57.3 1.89*** (1.43–2.49)
Croatia 32.9 37.4 1.29 (0.98–1.70) 33.5 36.5 1.15 (0.81–1.63) 44.9 59.7 1.57*** (1.24–1.97) 49.2 63.5 1.41* (1.02–1.95)
Czech Republic 31.5 38.4 1.46** (1.16–1.84) 33.4 37.7 1.05 (0.81–1.35) 57.5 65.8 1.29* (1.05–1.58) 60.0 68.2 1.32* (1.03–1.68)
Germany 28.4 34.6 1.28* (1.02–1.61) 29.9 34.9 1.24 (0.94–1.63) 36.9 53.2 1.67*** (1.36–2.05) 43.7 56.3 1.44** (1.13–1.84)
Denmark 26.4 32.0 1.42* (1.06–1.90) 27.1 33.6 1.34 (0.96–1.85) 38.6 51.9 1.31* (1.03–1.68) 41.4 58.8 2.12*** (1.59–2.81)
Estonia 16.7 22.0 1.31 (0.99–1.74) 17.7 23.7 1.41* (1.02–1.94) 32.6 48.2 1.53*** (1.22–1.93) 37.6 55.2 1.68*** (1.31–2.16)
Finland 22.0 24.8 1.11 (0.83–1.49) 22.0 26.4 1.22 (0.86–1.73) 33.0 48.4 1.66*** (1.35–2.04) 37.2 54.4 1.70*** (1.33–2.19)
France 27.3 32.0 1.27* (1.02–1.58) 28.7 29.1 0.89 (0.67–1.17) 44.7 58.5 1.51*** (1.27–1.79) 47.8 62.3 1.51*** (1.21–1.87)
Greece 33.1 38.3 1.34* (1.00–1.79) 34.9 35.3 0.99 (0.72–1.37) 46.1 55.7 1.42** (1.11–1.82) 51.2 54.7 0.85 (0.62–1.15)
Italy 37.1 45.8 1.53** (1.15–2.03) 39.5 41.9 0.87 (0.62–1.22) 49.3 60.8 1.21 (0.96–1.53) 52.8 64.9 1.53** (1.16–2.04)
Latvia 12.7 20.0 1.69** (1.13–2.53) 14.5 18.9 1.29 (0.82–2.01) 32.4 46.8 1.56*** (1.20–2.02) 37.4 49.1 1.41* (1.05–1.91)
Macedonia 28.6 28.4 1.17 (0.79–1.74) 28.2 30.4 1.36 (0.89–2.07) 46.9 50.8 1.06 (0.81–1.38) 48.3 46.4 0.85 (0.58–1.25)
Netherlands 19.3 26.2 1.59** (1.12–2.25) 19.8 28.9 1.82* (1.14–2.91) 29.2 44.1 1.34* (1.03–1.73) 32.0 50.9 1.56* (1.09–2.24)
Norway 20.1 29.9 1.59*** (1.23–2.06) 21.9 28.5 1.16 (0.85–1.57) 37.0 56.7 1.77*** (1.44–2.18) 42.9 63.4 1.68*** (1.26–2.24)
Poland 26.9 31.8 1.46** (1.14–1.87) 27.3 30.8 1.00 (0.71–1.42) 47.2 62.0 1.56*** (1.29–1.90) 50.5 68.1 1.63** (1.18–2.25)
Portugal 22.1 27.6 1.4 (0.96–2.05) 23.3 27.0 1.06 (0.68–1.65) 39.1 48.3 1.13 (0.85–1.49) 42.1 52.0 1.20 (0.84–1.71)
Russia 13.9 18.7 1.43** (1.14–1.79) 15.0 17.7 1.11 (0.84–1.47) 31.6 41.1 1.36*** (1.17–1.58) 34.4 43.3 1.24* (1.03–1.50)
Sweden 18.6 29.0 1.83** (1.27–2.62) 19.5 28.9 1.25 (0.80–1.94) 30.2 50.8 1.96*** (1.52–2.51) 35.5 55.8 1.59** (1.13–2.25)
Slovenia 29.6 33.6 1.38 (0.93–2.03) 30.1 31.3 0.71 (0.42–1.20) 52.1 70.7 1.81*** (1.37–2.39) 55.2 71.9 1.44 (0.92–2.25)
Ukraine 14.4 14.2 0.89 (0.63–1.25) 14.1 16.3 1.18 (0.74–1.89) 40.1 48.1 1.08 (0.87–1.35) 42.4 54.4 1.35 (0.97–1.88)
USA 33.6 43.9 1.54*** (1.21–1.96) 35.2 43.3 1.22 (0.94–1.58) 46.2 54.2 1.08 (0.88–1.32) 47.9 60.0 1.59*** (1.28–1.99)
Wales 30.4 38.0 1.19 (0.89–1.57) 31.5 38.7 1.22 (0.89–1.68) 48.3 58.2 1.33* (1.03–1.71) 50.4 64.8 1.64** (1.21–2.21)
  1. Binary logistic regression analysis controlling for communication with other parent, age and BMI. Communication with mother reference: easy, Communication with father reference: easy
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001
  3. OR: Odds Ratio, CI: Confidence Interval
  4. Weight dissatisfaction: either dieting or perceiving a need to diet