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Table 2 Communication with father and with mother reported as difficult by gender, age and weight status

From: Body weight dissatisfaction and communication with parents among adolescents in 24 countries: international cross-sectional survey

Country Communication with father (difficult)    Communication with mother (difficult)   
  N Boys % Girls % 11 y % 13 y % 15 y % Non-Over weight % Over weight % N Boys % Girls % 11 y % 13 y % 15 y % Non-Over weight % Over weight %
Belgium-Flanders 6151 41.0 52.3*** 37.7 46.6*** 57.0*** 46.3 51.0* 6247 22.8 24.0 17.0 22.6*** 31.1*** 22.8 25.2
Canada 4239 35.0 55.2*** 34.7 49.9*** 56.3*** 45.7 48.4 4237 21.4 26.4*** 17.7 24.3*** 32.5*** 23.3 26.0
Switzerland 4614 31.8 47.2*** 28.6 42.2*** 47.2*** 39.1 46.5** 4577 19.4 20.3 14.8 19.3*** 24.6*** 18.7 26.4***
Croatia 4344 28.2 42.8*** 22.6 36.2*** 48.0*** 36.6 32.2 4347 15.2 14.3 9.1 14.7*** 20.2*** 14.3 14.3
Czech Republic 4744 40.5 55.1*** 41.1 49.8*** 53.1*** 48.6 44.1 4842 27.2** 23.7 22.0 27.1*** 27.0*** 25.3 26.2
Germany 5428 35.9 55.2*** 36.4 47.6*** 54.3*** 45.8 47.1 5411 19.4 19.9 15.6 18.3* 25.8*** 19.4 20.6
Denmark 4510 35.3 51.7*** 34.6 46.9*** 51.8*** 43.7 45.8 4485 22.0 23.6 15.0 25.6*** 29.0*** 23.2 22.5
Estonia 3978 43.6 60.0*** 40.7 53.7*** 61.1*** 52.4 51.1 3978 23.2 24.4 16.4 23.8*** 31.3*** 24.0 22.1
Finland 5293 26.5 49.7*** 28.6 39.2*** 47.2*** 38.2 37.2 5194 16.1 19.5** 10.9 19.4*** 23.8*** 17.5 19.0
France 7819 27.9 42.3*** 27.6 34.9*** 43.2*** 36.0 35.8 7871 16.0 18.3** 12.5 16.7*** 22.2*** 17.7 15.8
Greece 3708 31.4 56.4*** 30.7 46.3*** 54.4*** 44.2 44.5 3631 23.1** 19.6 13.5 20.6*** 29.0*** 20.9 22.8
Italy 4337 32.9 52.5*** 32.3 46.4*** 51.9*** 43.6 41.0 4294 20.0 21.1 14.0 21.1*** 28.0*** 20.9 19.3
Latvia 3185 34.7 55.0*** 35.3 48.0*** 53.9*** 45.9 44.6 3247 21.5 22.5 18.2 22.1* 25.6*** 22.0 22.0
Macedonia 4080 16.1 27.4*** 15.4 24.2*** 25.6*** 21.8 18.7 3947 13.9 12.2 13.6 12.8 12.3 12.0 13.3
Netherlands 4208 19.2 31.8*** 17.7 27.3*** 32.5*** 24.9 29.7 4214 8.8 11.7** 6.0 11.2*** 14.0*** 9.9 11.4
Norway 4910 30.5 45.2*** 25.2 37.1*** 50.9*** 37.6 41.7 4916 17.9 16.4 10.6 14.9*** 26.3*** 16.8 21.3**
Poland 6231 23.5 32.3*** 19.6 25.9*** 37.7*** 27.9 27.1 6277 10.4 9.0 5.0 9.3*** 14.9*** 9.6 10.7
Portugal 2862 29.7 52.3*** 35.5 44.2*** 46.3*** 40.6 41.8 2851 19.1 20.4 15.5 22.4*** 22.7*** 18.9 21.4
Russia 7920 33.2 47.9*** 33.5 42.6*** 46.9*** 41.1 42.3 7956 17.6 18.3 13.1 18.2*** 22.5*** 17.9 21.7*
Sweden 3850 21.7 39.8*** 19.9 31.3*** 43.0*** 30.8 33.2 3823 12.1 13.9 6.8 13.8*** 19.5*** 13.1 13.6
Slovenia 3880 14.6 25.6*** 14.0 20.5*** 27.7*** 19.9 21.5 3848 7.4 8.5 4.6 8.7*** 11.4*** 7.8 8.7
Ukraine 4010 32.7 46.2*** 28.3 39.2*** 49.2*** 40.9 41.3 4022 12.4 11.7 6.9 9.9** 17.7*** 12.4 11.1
USA 4921 40.7 61.9*** 45.2 51.7*** 58.6*** 51.9 51.5 4869 29.4 28.4 20.8 29.2*** 35.4*** 28.4 29.9
Wales 3815 37.4 55.8*** 39.7 48.0*** 52.1*** 46.5 47.4 3799 23.9 22.9 17.9 23.2*** 30.0*** 22.8 28.3**
  1. References: Age = 11y, Gender = boys, Weight status = non-overweight
  2. Overweight and non-overweight were calculated using international cutoffs for BMI. BMI was calculated based on self reported weight and height
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001