Skip to main content

Table 1 Perceptions of diabetes and health-related cognitions

From: Reducing health risk in family members of patients with type 2 diabetes: views of first degree relatives

Health Related Cognition Measure Results
Personal susceptibility Likelihood will develop diabetes Number (%)
  Not at all 22 (6)
  Not very 169 (50)
  Quite likely 13 (38)
  Very likely 20 (6)
Perceived seriousness Disease Scale (95% CI)
  (Scale 1-5 from 'not at all serious' to 'very serious')  
  Cancer 4.91 (4.88-4.95)
  AIDS 4.87 (4.83-4.92)
  Diabetes 4.01 (3.91-4.11)
  Arthritis 3.78 (3.68-3.88)
  Flu 2.07 (1.96-2.19)
Anxiety Worries may develop diabetes Number (%)
  Never 101 (30)
  Rarely 74 (22)
  Sometimes 127 (37)
  Often 36 (11)
Health Value Scale Scores 4-28. Higher scores indicate a higher value on health. Score (95% CI)
   23.3 (22.8-23.8)
Diabetes Onset Locus of Control Scale Score (95% CI)
  (Subscale range 0-20; maximum overall score 60)  
  Overall score 37.6 (36.5-38.7)
  Powerful others (e.g. health professionals) 16.5 (16.0-16.9)
  Significant others (e.g. family and friends) 12.0 (11.6-12.4)
  Internality 18.6 (18.2-19.0)
  Chance 9.5 (9.0-9.9)
Benefits of adopting healthy lifestyle Measure % Moderately or Strongly Agreeing
  I would reduce my chances of getting diabetes (n = 353) 96
  I would reduce my risk of other diseases, such as heart disease (n = 354) 96
  I would feel fit and healthy (n = 354) 98
  I would keep my weight under control (n = 356) 98
Barriers to adopting healthy lifestyle Measure % Moderately or Strongly Agreeing
  I do not have time to exercise (n = 353) 66
  I do not like the taste of low-fat food (n = 355) 71
  I do not have time to prepare healthy food (n = 354) 74
  I would find it difficult to motivate myself to exercise (n = 354) 55