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Table 3 The optimal cutoff points of VFA, WC, and BMI to detect subjects with two or more metabolic risk factors except WC compared to various criteria

From: The cutoff values of visceral fat area and waist circumference for identifying subjects at risk for metabolic syndrome in elderly Korean: Ansan Geriatric (AGE) cohort study

   Cut point Sensitivity
(%)
Specificity
(%)
PPV
(%)
NPV
(%)
J valuea Distance
Men (n = 308)         
   VFA(cm2) Optimal cut point a 92.6 70.4 70.5 82.2 44.8 0.41 0.42
   WC (cm) Optimal cut point a 86.5 74.9 65.7 80.9 42.5 0.41 0.43
  KOSSO's cut point b 90.0 54.2 81.9 85.3 52.0 0.36 0.49
   BMI (kg/m2) Optimal cut point a 23.7 63.1 70.5 80.5 50.3 0.34 0.47
  WHO's cut point c 25.0 45.8 84.8 85.3 55.3 0.31 0.56
Women (n = 381)         
   VFA (cm2) Optimal cut point a 88.9 72.5 59.4 83.2 56.2 0.32 0.49
   WC (cm) Optimal cut point a 86.5 69.3 60.4 82.9 58.5 0.30 0.50
  KOSSO's cut point b 85.0 76.4 51.5 81.4 55.9 0.28 0.54
   BMI (kg/m2) Optimal cut point a 23.9 72.5 58.4 82.9 56.6 0.31 0.50
  WHO's cut point c 25.0 54.6 64.4 81.0 66.2 0.19 0.58
  1. PPV, positive predictive value; NPV, negative predictive value
  2. a : Optimal cut point from the present study for abdominal obesity
  3. b: KOSSO's criteria for abdominal obesity [2]
  4. c : WHO-Asia Pacific Region criteria for obesity [23]