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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression for factors related to CKD in 10 063 participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) aged 20 years and over.

From: High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Iran: a large population-based study

Variable CKD
(n = 1897)
Total
(n = 10063)
Adjusted odds ratio 95%CI P
Age(years)    1.1 1.1–1.2 <0.001
Sex      
   male 553(29.2) 4223(42.0) 1.0   <0.001
   female 1344(70.8) 5840(58.0) 3.1 2.6–3.7  
BMI(kg/m2)      
   <25 392(21.0) 3614(36.7) 1.0   
   25 to <30 852(45.6) 3951(40.1) 1.5 1.3–1.8 <0.001
   ≥ 30 625(33.4) 2281(23.2) 1.6 1.3–2.0 <0.001
Waist circumference      
   Normal 848(44.7) 6714(66.7) 1.0   0.002
   Abnormal 1049(55.3) 3349(33.3) 1.2 1.1–1.4  
Blood pressure      
   Normotensive 915(48.2) 7470(74.2) 1.0   0.004
   Hypertensive 982(51.8) 2593(25.8) 1.2 1.1–1.4  
Dyslipidemia      
   Normolipidemic 653(34.4) 5601(55.7) 1.0   <0.001
   Dyslipidemic 1244(65.6) 4462(44.3) 1.3 1.1–1.5  
Diabetes      
   Nondiabetic 1403(74.0) 8682(86.3) 1.0   0.6
   Diabetic 494(26.0) 1381(13.7) 0.9 0.8–1.1  
Smoking      
   Nonsmoker 1741(92.6) 8609(86.9) 1.0   0.778
   Smoker 140(7.4) 1300(13.1) 1.1 0.9–1.3  
  1. BMI, body mass index; CI, confidence interval