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Table 3 CKD associated factors in individuals with and without CKD in 10 063 participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS) aged 20 years and over.

From: High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Iran: a large population-based study

variable   CKD
n = 1897
Without CKD
n = 8166
P value
Sex male 553(29.2) 3670(44.9) < 0.001
  female 1344(70.8) 4496(55.1)  
BMI(kg/m2 ) ≤ 25 392(21.0) 3222(40.4)  
  25 to 30 852(45.6) 3099(38.8)  
  ≥ 30 625(33.4) 1656(20.8) <0.001
Waist circumference abnormal 1049(55.3) 2300(28.2) <0.001
Diabetes diabetic 494(26.0) 887(10.9) <0.001
Hypertension hypertensive 982(51.8) 1611(19.7) < 0.001
Dyslipidemia dyslipidemic 1244(65.6) 3218(39.4) < 0.001
Smoking smoker 140(7.4) 1160(14.4) <0.001
  1. Values are numbers (percentages); BMI, body mass index