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Table 2 Relative risk estimates for any alcohol use and its dose-response relationship

From: Alcohol and cannabis use as risk factors for injury – a case-crossover analysis in a Swiss hospital emergency department

  Women Men Total
  RR 95% CI lower 95% CI upper RR 95% CI lower 95% CI upper RR 95% CI lower 95% CI upper
drinking status 6 hours before injury status          
   No (reference) 1    1    1   
   Yes 2.50 0.97 6.44 3.23 1.73 6.02 3.00 1.78 5.04
dose response (women/men)          
   no alcohol use (reference) 1    1    1   
   Low 1.00 0.29 3.45 1.49 0.66 3.36 1.37 0.69 2.70
   medium 6.41 0.76 54.20 2.91 1.16 7.32 3.14 1.41 6.97
   High 25.26 1.66 383.62 7.80 2.86 21.26 8.97 3.55 22.69
  1. Alcohol consumption:
  2. low: less than 20 grams for men and 10 grams for women;
  3. medium: 20 to 40 grams for men, 10 to 30 grams for women;
  4. high: more than 40 grams for men, more than 30 grams for women.