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Table 1 Crude infant mortality rates in the provinces and territories of Canada in 1965–69 and changes in infant mortality rates between 1965–69 and 1975–79.

From: Regional disparities in infant mortality in Canada: a reversal of egalitarian trends

Province/Territory* Crude infant mortality rate
  in 1965–69 per 1,000 live births (rank) % change 1975–79 vs 1965–69 (rank)
British Columbia 20.7 (1) -36.6 (9)
Alberta 20.9 (2) -39.8 (8)
Manitoba 21.7 (3) -31.9 (10)
New Brunswick 22.3 (4) -41.3 (6)
Nova Scotia 22.7 (5) -42.2 (5)
Quebec 23.5 (6) -46.7 (3)
Saskatchewan 24.6 (7) -40.9 (7)
Prince Edward Island 25.7 (8) -45.1 (4)
Yukon 39.2 (9) -55.6 (1)
Northwest Territories 64.7 (10) -53.7 (2)
  1. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient = -0.85, P = 0.002 i.e., provinces with higher infant mortality rates in 1965–69 experienced larger reductions in infant mortality over the next decade and this association was statistically significant.
  2. * The infant mortality in Ontario in 1965–69 was 19.4 per 1,000 live births and this declined by 40.2% between 1965–69 and 1975–79. Inclusion of Ontario data gave essentially the same results (correlation coefficient = -0.84, P = 0.001).