Skip to main content

Table 5 Levels of disability and dependency, informal care arrangements and carer strain (among those identified as needing care), by site

From: Chronic disease prevalence and care among the elderly in urban and rural Beijing, China - a 10/66 Dementia Research Group cross-sectional survey

  Xicheng (urban)
Total
(n = 183)
Daxing (rural)
Total
(n = 54)
Effect size for Rural vs. urban contrast, adjusting for age, gender and dementia status
Disability and dependency (in the care recipient) (MV) 0 2  
WHODAS 12
Disability score (mean [SD])
44.2 (30.9) 50.2 (28.4) 1.7 (-6.8,10.3)1
Needs care 'much of the time' 119 (65.0%) 30 (55.6%) 0.81 (0.63, 1.05)2
Time spent by the carer assisting with ADL (MV) 0 0  
0 hours 28 (15.3%) 7 (13.0%) 0.52 (0.43-0.63)3
1-4 hours 57 (31.1%) 26 (48.1%)  
5 hours + 98 (53.6%) 21(38.9%)  
Assistance provided for specific ADL (> one hour/day) (MV) 0 0  
Supervision 16 (8.7%) 8 (14.8%) 1.64 (0.70-3.85)2
Communication 65 (35.5%) 22 (40.7%) 1.13 (0.78, 1.64)2
Using transport 8 (4.4%) 2 (3.7%) 0.93 (0.23, 3.75)2
Dressing 55 (30.1%) 10 (18.5%) 0.59 (0.33, 1.05)2
Eating 57 (31.1%) 15 (27.8%) 0.78 (0.50, 1.22)2
Grooming 57 (31.1%) 10 (18.5%) 0.55 (0.31, 1.00)2
Toileting 73 (39.9%) 14 (25.9%) 0.61 (0.38, 0.96)2
Bathing 57 (31.1%) 10 (18.5%) 0.55 (0.31, 1.00)2
Caregiver Strain 3 0  
Zarit Burden Interview Score (mean [SD]) 17.9 (17.7) 11.4 (13.3) -8.7 (-3.9, -13.5)1
Caregiver mental health    
SRQ-20 Score    
Mean (SD) 0.9(2.3) 1.3(2.6) 0.1(-0.6,0.8)1
Median (IQR 0(0,1.0) 0 (0,1.0)  
Characteristics of main carer (MV) 1 2  
Relationship to older person    
Spouse 71 (38.8%) 21 (38.9%) -
Child 69 (37.7%) 21 (38.9%)  
Daughter-/son-in-law or other relative 13 (7.1%) 11 (20.4%)  
Non-relative 30 (16.4%) 1 (1.9%)  
Gender    
Female 123 (67.2%) 27 (50.0%) 1.15 (1.05, 1.27)2
Care arrangements (MV) 0 1  
Daytime paid carer 83 (45.4%) 1 (1.9%) 0.05 (0.01, 0.33)2
Night time paid carer 81 (44.3%) 0 -
Carer cut back on work to care 7 (3.8%) 26 (48.1%) 11.7 (5.20, 26.4)2
Additional informal care 13 (7.1%) 12 (22.2%) 2.78 (1.37, 5.63)2
  1. Abbreviations used in the table: MV+ missing values; WHO-DAS 2.0 = World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (12-item version); ADL = activities of daily living; SRQ-20 = Self Reporting Questionnaire (20 items).
  2. 1Mean difference from a general linear model, with 95% confidence intervals
  3. 2Prevalence ratios (PRs) from Poisson regression (robust 95% confidence intervals)
  4. 3Prevalence ratios (PRs) from ordinal regression,(robust 95% confidence intervals)
\