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Table 2 Health status in Xicheng (urban) and Daxing (rural).

From: Chronic disease prevalence and care among the elderly in urban and rural Beijing, China - a 10/66 Dementia Research Group cross-sectional survey

Health condition Urban, Xicheng
(n = 1160)
Rural, Daxing
(n = 1002)
Prevalence ratio (rural vs urban) adjusted for age and gender
Diagnosed diseases (MV) 0 0  
   Dementia 84(7.2%) 56(5.6%) 0.96(0.70-1.32)
   History of hypertension, and/or meets ESH criteria 726(62.6%) 500(49.9%) 0.80(0.74-0.87)
   Uncontrolled hypertension (ESH criteria) 471(40.6%) 487(48.6%) 1.29(1.10-1.33)
   ICD-10 Depression 3(0.3%) 7(0.7%) 3.05(0.83-11.2)
Self-reported diagnoses (MV) 1 0  
   Diabetes 195(16.8%) 9(0.9%) 0.05(0.03-0.10)
   Ischaemic heart disease (myocardial infarction or angina) 115(9.9%) 12(1.2%) 0.12(0.07-0.23)
   Stroke 109(9.4%) 18(1.8%) 0.20(0.12-0.34)
   Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 36(3.1%) 16(1.6%) 0.54(0.30-0.96)
Self-reported impairments (MV) 0 0  
   Arthritis 165(14.2%) 20(2.0%) 0.14(0.09-0.23)
   Eye problem 194(16.7%) 65(6.5%) 0.41(0.31-0.55)
   Hearing problem 142(12.2%) 86(8.6%) 0.83(0.64-1.08)
   Cough problem 33(2.8%) 14(1.4%) 0.51(0.27-0.96)
   Breathing problem 52(4.5%) 19(1.9%) 0.45(0.27-0.74)
   Heart problem 329(28.4%) 31(3.1%) 0.11(0.08-0.16)
   Gastrointestinal problem 67(5.8%) 12(1.2%) 0.22(0.12-0.40)
   Fainting problem 62(5.3%) 10(1.0%) 0.19(0.10-0.37)
   Limb problem 72(6.2%) 44(4.4%) 0.77(0.53-1.12)
   Skin problem 12(1.0%) 2(0.2%) 0.20(0.04-0.94)
   Three or more physical impairments 208(17.9%) 39(3.9%) 0.23(0.17-0.33)
   Pain that interferes with life 158(13.6%) 222(22.2%) 1.60(1.31-1.94)
Locomotion (observed) (MV) 0 0  
   Obvious abnormality of walking 53(4.6%) 27(2.7%) 0.64(0.41-1.04)
WHODAS II disability score (MV) 10 2  
   Mean 8.1 ± 20.1 8.0 ± 14.6 1.20(0.96-.49)1
0.59(0.51-0.67)2
Self-rated health (MV) 0 0  
   'Good' or 'very good' 176(15.2%) 690(68.9%) 4.59(3.94-5.35)
Dependency 0 0  
   Needs any care 183(15.8%) 54(5.4%) 0.41(0.30-0.54)
   Needs much care 119(10.3%) 30(3.0%) 0.34(0.23-0.51)
Chronic disease risk factors (MV) 12 4  
   Ever smoked 284(24.5%) 336(33.5%) 1.28(1.12-1.46)
   Current smoker 193(16.6%) 305(30.4%) 1.68(1.43-1.97)
   20 or more pack years of smoking 180(15.5%) 274(27.3%) 1.62(1.38-1.91)
   Hazardous drinker in early life 26(2.2%) 73(7.3%) 2.89(1.83-4.52)
   Current hazardous drinker 17(1.5%) 42(4.2%) 2.66(1.55-4.56)
   No walks of > 0.5 km in last month 209(18.0%) 384(38.3%) 1.39(1.32-1.47)
   Obesity (meets waist circumference criterion for metabolic syndrome) 530(45.7%) 158(15.8%) 0.35(0.30-0.41)
  1. 1Negative binomial regression
  2. 2Zero inflated negative binomial regression
  3. MV = Missing values
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