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Table 1 Social-demographic characteristics in Daxin (rural) and Beijing (urban)

From: Chronic disease prevalence and care among the elderly in urban and rural Beijing, China - a 10/66 Dementia Research Group cross-sectional survey

  Urban (n = 1160) Rural (n = 1002) χ 2 /Z df P
Age group (MV) 0 0    
   65-69 years 316(27.2%) 383(38.2%) 40.4 3 < 0.001
   70-74 years 362(31.2%) 296(29.5%)    
   75-79 years 254(21.9%) 202(20.2%)    
   80+ years 228(19.7%) 121(12.1%)    
Gender (MV) 0 0    
   Female 661(57.0%) 556(55.5%) 0.5 1 0.49
Education level (MV) 0 0    
   No education 232(20.0%) 579(57.8%) 491.9 3 < 0.001
   Primary education only 456(39.3%) 373(37.2%)    
   Completed secondary 335(28.9%) 45(4.5%)    
   Completed tertiary 137(11.8%) 5(0.5%)    
Marital status (MV) 0 0    
   Never married 3(0.3%) 22(2.2%) 52.0 3 < 0.001
   Married or cohabiting 829(71.5%) 585(58.4%)    
   Widowed 326(28.1%) 394(39.3%)    
   Divorced or separated 2(0.2%) 1(0.1%)    
Previous occupation 1 (MV) 1 1    
   Professional/Managerial/Clerical 518(45.0%) 37(3.7%) 1888.6 3 < 0.001
   Skilled or semi-skilled 421(36.5%) 14(1.4%)    
   Unskilled 207(18.0%) 13(1.3%)    
   Agricultural worker 7(0.6%) 938(93.6%)    
Living arrangements (MV) 0 0    
   Alone 54(4.7%) 49(4.9%) 202.0 3 < 0.001
   With spouse only 415(35.8%) 194(19.4%)    
   With children 446(38.4%) 679(67.8%)    
   With others 245(21.1%) 80(8.0%)    
   With children under 16 217(18.7%) 462(46.1%) 187.4 1 < 0.001
Source of income (MV) 0 0    
   Government or occupational pension 1050 (90.5%) 38(3.8%) 1617.5 1 < 0.001
   Family transfers 54(4.7%) 305(36.4%) 347.3 1 < 0.001
   Disability pension 9(0.8%) 1(0.1%) 5.3 1 0.02
   Rent 0 122(12.2%) 149.7 1 < 0.001
   Paid work 0 6(0.6%) 7.0 1 0.008
   Have health insurance plan 14(1.2%) 769(76.9%) 1327.2 1 < 0.001
Number of household assets 2 (MV) 0 0    
   0-3 assets 6(0.5%) 108(10.8%) 113.3 1 < 0.001
   More than 3 assets 1154(99.5%) 894(89.2%)    
  1. MV = Missing values
  2. 1 Participants were asked 'What was your best (highest level) job?'
  3. 2 household assets: television, fridge, water and electricity utilities, telephone, plumbed toilet and plumbed bathroom
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