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Table 1 Baseline characteristics by ethnicity: California Men's Health Study.

From: Generational status and duration of residence predict diabetes prevalence among Latinos: the California Men's Health Study

  Latino Black White P value
Total (n) 11 817 6109 52 184  
Age (Mean, SD) 57.2 (7.2) 58.8 (6.9) 58.7 (6.8) < 0.0001
Education     < 0.0001
   Less than high school 21.0 5.3 2.6  
   High school or GED 18.2 15.8 10.7  
   Vocational/technical school 7.8 4.9 4.1  
   Some college 29.1 40.1 30.0  
   College graduate 23.1 33.3 52.5  
Language preference     < 0.0001
   Spanish 19.4 0.1 0.1  
Acculturation index     < 0.0001
   1st generation, < 10 years 1.5 0.4 0.3  
   1st generation, 11-15 years 2.6 0.3 0.4  
   1st generation, 16-25 years 10.1 1.7 1.3  
   1st generation, > 25 years 29.9 2.5 6.3  
   2nd generation 14.0 0.3 3.4  
   3rd generation or greater 41.9 94.9 88.4  
Marital status     < 0.0001
   Married 82.9 73.5 81.2  
   Never married 4.3 5.6 6.6  
   Separated/divorced/widowed 12.3 20.3 11.9  
Yearly household income ($)     < 0.0001
   < $20 000 9.2 5.5 3.1  
   20 000-39 999 25.0 17.8 12.2  
   40 000-59 999 21.9 21.2 17.6  
   60 000-79 999 17.6 19.8 18.2  
   80 000-99 999 9.9 13.5 14.2  
   ≥ 100 000 13.1 19.5 31.0  
Body mass index (kg/m 2 )     < 0.0001
   < 25 16.4 19.1 25.7  
   25-29 50.2 46.2 47.4  
   30-34 23.8 24.5 19.5  
   35-39 6.8 6.8 5.2  
   ≥ 40 2.7 3.5 2.3  
Physical activity (METS-hours/week)     < 0.0001
   Q1 (< 320) 31.6 36.0 21.6  
   Q2 (320-1040) 24.4 24.9 25.0  
   Q3 (1041-2147) 22.0 18.8 26.6  
   Q4 (≥ 2148) 21.4 19.8 26.6  
Alcohol consumption (gm/day)     < 0.0001
   None 29.1 36.9 27.1  
   Q1 (< 2.1) 25.9 22.3 15.4  
   Q2 (2.1-8.2) 19.0 17.4 17.5  
   Q3 (8.3-20.8) 14.3 13.2 19.7  
   Q4 (≥ 20.9) 11.7 10.2 20.4  
Total calories/day     < 0.0001
   Q1 (< 1447) 37.2 38.8 20.2  
   Q2 (1447-1990) 23.0 22.8 25.8  
   Q3 (1991-2618) 19.1 17.4 27.5  
   Q4 (≥ 2619) 20.7 21.1 26.5  
% calories from fat     < 0.0001
   Q1 (< 29.6) 24.1 22.5 25.6  
   Q2 (29.6-34.9) 25.0 23.1 25.0  
   Q3 (35.0-40.1) 26.7 26.6 24.9  
   Q4 (≥ 40.2) 24.2 27.8 24.6  
Hypertension 40.1 59.5 40.4 < 0.0001
Dyslipidemia 64.8 67.4 67.0 < 0.0001
Depression 10.2 7.2 12.9 < 0.0001
Current smoker 15.4 18.2 9.8 < 0.0001
Diabetes 22.2 23.0 11.4 < 0.0001
  1. With the exception of the first two rows (total number of subjects in each group, mean age with standard deviation), we present data as % of subjects of each ethnicity with the characteristic listed.
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