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Table 5 Mobility – changes in outcome measures between groups: baseline values vs. scores after 7 weeks.

From: Combined effects of functionally-oriented exercise regimens and nutritional supplementation on both the institutionalised and free-living frail elderly (double-blind, randomised clinical trial)

Mobility Group I (n = 19)
PRE+FOE +nutritional supplement
Group II (n = 21)
PRE+FOE + placebo
Group III (n = 19)
SE+FOE+ nutritional supplement
Group IV (n = 21)
SE+FOE + placebo
Overall
P-value
  mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD mean ± SD  
Tinetti – total score 22.4 ± 5.6 22.5 ± 5.4 22.6 ± 5.2 22.1 ± 4.6 NS
Tinetti – balance score 12.7 ± 3.3 12.7 ± 2.7 13.1 ± 3.3 12.4 ± 2.9 0.01
Tinetti – gait score 9.7 ± 2.9 9.8 ± 2.2 9.5 ± 2.3 9.7 ± 2.4 NS
6 MW Test (m.) 287 ± 121 224 ± 110 299 ± 110 263 ± 105 0.002
  1. PRE – Progressive resistance exercises, FOE – Functionally-oriented exercises, SE – Standard exercises, SD – standard deviation, NS – statistically non-significant. Analysis of variance (ANOVA I), with the Bonferroni correction for comparison between the respective groups. Bold font highlights all statistically significant results.