Skip to main content

Table 3 Univariate analysis of mothers and children characteristics (n = 267)

From: Post partum anxiety and depression in peri-urban communities of Karachi, Pakistan: a quasi-experimental study

Characteristics Total Participants Overall Prevalence
of PPAD%
Odds Ratio (95% C.I.)
Study Area:    
Qayoomabad 173 28.3 1
Manzoor Colony 94 29.8 1.07 (0.62, 1.86)
Mother's Age Group:    
< 25 years 94 24.5 1
25-29 years 103 28.2 1.21 (0.64, 2.29)
30-34 years 49 34.7 1.64 (0.77, 3.48)
35 years & above 21 38.1 1.90 (0.70, 5.16)
Working women:    
Yes 21 19 1
No 246 29.7 1.79 (0.58, 5.51)
Migrant Status:    
locals 69 26.1 1
Migrants 198 29.8 1.20 (0.65, 2.23)
Past history of child death:    
No 233 27.5 1
Yes 34 38.2 1.64 (0.77, 3.46)
Unplanned current pregnancy    
Yes 218 25.7 1
No 49 42.9 2.17 (1.14, 4.12)
Domestic Violence:    
No 241 26.6 1
Yes 26 50 2.77 (1.22, 6.28)
Any complication during delivery:    
No 171 27.5 1
Yes 96 31.3 1.20 (0.69, 2.07)
Any difficulty soon after birth for the baby:    
No    
Yes 182 24.7 1
  85 37.6 1.84 (1.06, 3.20)
Any difficulty in breast feeding at birth:    
No 233 26.6 1
Difficulty due to mother 23 43.5 2.12 (0.88, 5.08)
Difficulty due to child 11 45.5 2.30 (0.68, 7.80)