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Table 3 Association of parental smoking and school personnel smoking with adolescents' health risk behaviours and their perceptions of school personnel smoking.

From: Contribution of parental and school personnel smoking to health risk behaviours among Finnish adolescents

  Smoking Smoking cessation* Smoking during school time† Reporting personnel smoking at school Weekly alcohol use Binge drinking One-month drug use
  OR (95% CI)‡ OR (95% CI)‡ COR (95% CI)‡ COR (95% CI)‡ OR (95% CI)‡ OR (95% CI)‡ OR (95% CI)‡
Boys        
   Parental smoking        
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Yes 1.95 (1.78-2.13) 0.64 (0.57-0.72) 1.52 (1.27-1.83) 1.16 (1.06-1.27) 1.55 (1.39-1.73) 1.79 (1.63-1.96) 1.72 (1.50-1.96)
   School personnel smoking prevalence        
0 ≤ 4% 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
> 4 ≤ 13% 0.92 (0.78-1.10) 1.11 (0.93-1.33) 1.55 (1.12-2.16) 1.14 (0.82-1.59) 0.98 (0.80-1.21) 0.90 (0.76-1.07) 1.25 (1.03-1.52)
> 13% 1.19 (1.01-1.41) 0.90 (0.75-1.07) 1.81 (1.32-2.48) 1.51 (1.09-2.09) 1.23 (1.01-1.50) 1.09 (0.93-1.29) 1.40 (1.16-1.69)
Girls        
   Parental smoking        
No 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Yes 1.93 (1.78-2.10) 0.72 (0.64-0.81) 1.39 (1.18-1.65) 1.02 (0.93-1.12) 1.82 (1.62-2.06) 1.79 (1.63-1.96) 1.75 (1.55-1.97)
   School personnel smoking prevalence        
0 ≤ 4% 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
> 4 ≤ 13% 1.01 (0.86-1.17) 0.84 (0.71-0.98) 1.26 (0.89-1.78) 1.12 (0.78-1.63) 0.92 (0.75-1.13) 1.00 (0.83-1.19) 1.09 (0.92-1.30)
> 13% 1.18 (1.02-1.37) 0.84 (0.72-0.99) 1.23 (0.88-1.72) 1.39 (0.97-2.00) 1.14 (0.94-1.39) 1.11 (0.93-1.33) 1.14 (0.96-1.35)
  1. *Among ever smokers (n = 11,323)
  2. † Smokes at school and/or nearby school during schooldays; among regular smokers (n = 4764)
  3. ‡ Multilevel analysis adjusted for student's grade level, parental education, school personnel smoking/parental smoking, the proportion of pupils with low parental education at school, and the proportion of non-teacher respondents at school
  4. Note. OR, odds ratio; COR, cumulative odds ratio; CI, confidence interval