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Table 4 Crude and Adjusted odds ratios for various factors that might affect treatment outcome among tuberculosis patients, Gondar University Teaching Hospital, 2003-2008.

From: Treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients at Gondar University Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. A five - year retrospective study

Characteristics Treatment success Crude OR 95% CI P-Value Adjusted OR* 95% CI P-Value
  Yes
N (%)
No
N (%)
      
Sex         
Male 577(27.0) 1563(73.0) 1.00 --- --- 1.00 --- ---
Female 604(32.5) 1256(67.5) 1.303 1.137-1.493 <0.001 1.215 1.048-1.409 0.010
Address         
Urban 867(42.0) 1195(58.0) 1.00 --- --- 1.00 --- ---
Rural 314(16.2) 1624(83.8) 0.266 0.230-0.309 <0.001 0.275 0.235-0.322 <0.001
Age group(yrs)         
0-14 168(22.5) 579(77.5) 1.00 --- --- 1.00 --- ---
15-24 373(41.4) 528(58.6) 0.985 0.595-1.630 0.952 0.697 0.409-1.188 0.184
25-34 334(29.2) 808(70.8) 0.404 0.247-0.662 <0.001 0.437 0.259-0.736 0.002
35-44 176(26.2) 496(73.8) 0.691 0.423-1.129 0.140 0.770 0.458-1.293 0.323
45-54 74(24.9) 223(75.1) 0.805 0.486-1.333 0.400 0.832 0.489-1.418 0.499
55-64 34(23.9) 108(76.1) 0.861 0.501-1.480 0.588 0.941 0.531-1.667 0.834
≥ 65 22(22.2) 77(77.8) 0.908 0.493-1.672 0.756 0.934 0.490-1.780 0.835
TB type         
Smear positive pulmonary TB 321(47.8) 350(52.2) 1.00 --- --- 1.00 --- ---
Smear negative pulmonary TB 564(25.7) 1632(74.3) 0.386 0.315-0.472 <0.001 0.430 0.345-0.535 <0.001
Extrapulmonary TB 296(26.1) 837(73.9) 1.023 0.869-1.205 0.782 1.019 0.856-1.213 0.831
  1. TB = tuberculosis, OR = Odds Ratio, CI = Confidence interval, N = number, yrs = years
  2. * = All the variables in the table are included in the model.