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Table 1 Year of seasonal influenza vaccine introduction and population groups vaccinated in the Region of the Americas, 2008.

From: Expansion of seasonal influenza vaccination in the Americas

     Coverage in older adults (%) Other Risk Groups
Country Year of Vaccine Introduction Children Older Adults 2006 2007 2008 Health workers Chronic diseases Pregnant Women Poultry Workers Other
Anguilla 2005   A         
Antigua and Barbuda 2007 6-35 m ≥ 60 y         
Argentina 1993 6-23 mA ≥ 65 y 50    B
Aruba NA           
Bahamas 2005 6 m-5 y ≥ 65 y       
Barbados 2006   C         D
Belize 2008 6 m-23 m ≥ 65 y        
Bermuda 1970s 6 m-18 y ≥ 60 y 65E 60     F
Bolivia NA           
Brazil 1999   ≥ 60 y 85.7 86.6 86.9    G
British Virgin Islands 2007 > 3 y ≥ 65 y     H    I
Canada 1970s 6-23 m ≥ 65 y     J
Cayman Islands 1990 6-23 m ≥ 50 y       K
Chile 1975 6-23 m ≥ 60 y 89L 88.6 89.1 M
Colombia 2005 6-23 m ≥ 65 y        
Costa Rica 2004 6 m-8 yA ≥ 65 y        
Cuba 1998 < 24 yN ≥ 65 y 100 100      
Dominica NA           
Dominican Republic 2006 6-23 m ≥ 50 y       O
Ecuador 2006 6-23 m ≥ 65 y 67 57.5       
El Salvador 2004 6-23 m ≥ 60 y 99 92 100    
Grenada 2007 6 m-5 y ≥ 60 y         
Guatemala 2007   ≥ 60 yP   100       
Guyana NA           
Haiti NA           
Honduras 2003 > 6 mA ≥ 60 yQ 90 83       
Jamaica 2006 6 m-5 yA ≥ 60 yA         
Mexico 2004 6-35 m, 3-9 yA ≥ 60 y 93.3 84.9      
Montserrat 2007 < 9 y          R
Netherlands Antilles (Bonaire) 2007 A ≥ 65 y 100 100 100      
Nicaragua 2007 6-23 mA ≥ 65 yA         
Panama 2005 6-23 m ≥ 60 y 86.2 79      
Paraguay 2005 6-23 m ≥ 60 y 74 73      
Peru 2008           
St. Kitts NA           
St. Lucia 2006   ≥ 65 y        
St. Vincent NA           
Suriname NA           
Trinidad and Tobago 2007 6-23 m ≥ 60 y       S
Turks and Caicos 2006 6 m-5 y ≥ 60 y        
USA 1940s 6 m-18 y ≥ 50 y 36 (50-64 y) 65.6 (≥ 65 y)T      U
Uruguay 1996 6-23 m, > 23 mA ≥ 65 y 29.2 31.1      
Venezuela 2006 6-23 m ≥ 60 y 61.9 20.6      
  1. Source: Country and territory reports to PAHO.
  2. A. With chronic disease; B. Essential services, security forces, and educators; C. The elderly in institutions; D. Military and front line staff; E. Coverage in 2006 is for populations ≥ 65 y; F. Others includes children on aspirin therapy, essential workers, travelers, close contacts or caregivers of individuals with chronic disease, and individuals living in crowded conditions; G. Indigenous population including population > 6 m and incarcerated populations; H. Renal dysfunction. I. Residents of nursing homes; J. Residents of nursing homes, those in contact with populations at high risk for influenza complications and those who provide essential community services; anyone else aged 2-64 years should be encouraged to get vaccinated; K. Police and fire, children < 6 m who are at high risk for complications and individuals caring for babies < 6 months; L. Those older than 65; M. Egg producers; N. With asthma/diabetes; O. Public safety workers; P. In institutions; Q. ≥ 60 y in 2008 and ≥ 65 y in 2006 and 2007; R. High risk workers; S. National security; T. Coverage data are from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for the 2006-2007 season; U. People in contact with those at high risk and all persons who want to reduce the risk of becoming ill with influenza or of transmitting it to others.