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Table 3 Relation between Alcohol Consumption and Carotid IMT Parameters in Men

From: Alcohol consumption and carotid artery structure in Korean adults aged 50 years and older

  Categories of Alcohol Consumption  
  Never
(n = 248)
Former
(n= 208)
0.1-10.0 g/d
(n = 638)
10.1-20.0 g/d
(n = 152)
20.1-40.0
g/d (n = 114)
> 40.0 g/d
(n = 132)
p
CCA-IMT, mm        
   Age-adjusted 0.805 ± 0.009 0.778 ± 0.010* 0.775 ± 0.006** 0.773 ± 0.012* 0.770 ± 0.014* 0.769 ± 0.013* 0.028
   Multivariate-adjusted† 0.814 ± 0.009 0.782 ± 0.010* 0.776 ± 0.006** 0.767 ± 0.012** 0.756 ± 0.013** 0.758 ± 0.013** < 0.001
   Multivariate-adjusted+HDL‡ 0.811 ± 0.009 0.778 ± 0.010* 0.775 ± 0.006** 0.769 ± 0.012** 0.762 ± 0.013** 0.769 ± 0.013** 0.009
CB-IMT, mm        
   Age-adjusted 0.868 ± 0.008 0.848 ± 0.009 0.843 ± 0.005** 0.842 ± 0.011* 0.850 ± 0.012 0.827 ± 0.011** 0.018
   Multivariate-adjusted† 0.874 ± 0.008 0.852 ± 0.009 0.843 ± 0.005** 0.839 ± 0.010** 0.841 ± 0.012* 0.821 ± 0.011** 0.001
   Multivariate-adjusted+HDL‡ 0.871 ± 0.008 0.848 ± 0.009 0.842 ± 0.005** 0.841 ± 0.010* 0.847 ± 0.012 0.832 ± 0.012** 0.038
Higher CCA-IMT§        
   Prevalence, % 27.8 24.5 19.1 17.1 16.7 12.1 < 0.001
   Age-adjusted 1 0.83 (0.54-1.28) 0.72 (0.51-1.03) 0.64 (0.38-1.08) 0.64 (0.36-1.14) 0.47 (0.26-0.85)* 0.007
   Multivariate-adjusted† 1 0.78 (0.50-1.22) 0.68 (0.47-0.98)* 0.56 (0.32-0.95)* 0.50 (0.28-0.92)* 0.38 (0.20-0.71)* 0.001
   Multivariate-adjusted+HDL‡ 1 0.78 (0.49-1.22) 0.68 (0.47-0.99)* 0.57 (0.33-0.98)* 0.53 (0.29-0.98)* 0.41 (0.21-0.78)* 0.004
  1. Data are means ± standard error of mean or odds ratios (95% confidence interval).
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01: compared with never-drinkers.
  3. †Analysis adjusted for age, body mass index, waist circumference, smoking status, exercise, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides (log transformed), fasting glucose, use of medication for hypertension, use of medication for diabetes, and use of medication for hyperlipidemia.
  4. ‡Analysis additionally adjusted for HDL cholesterol.
  5. §CCA-IMT ≥ 1.0 mm.
  6. p for linear trend was obtained by analysis of covariance or logistic regression using the categories of alcohol consumption as a continuous variable (excluding former drinkers).