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Table 1 Characteristics According to Alcohol Consumption in Men (n = 1492)

From: Alcohol consumption and carotid artery structure in Korean adults aged 50 years and older

  Categories of Alcohol Consumption  
  Never
(n = 248)
Former
(n = 208)
0.1-10.0 g/d
(n = 638)
10.1-20.0 g/d
(n = 152)
20.1-40.0 g/d
(n = 114)
> 40.0 g/d
(n = 132)
p*
Age, y 68.8 ± 7.7 68.8 ± 7.8 66.1 ± 7.3 65.6 ± 7.6 65.4 ± 6.8 64.2 ± 7.7 < 0.001
BMI, kg/m2 23.3 ± 3.1 23.5 ± 2.9 23.8 ± 2.6 24.2 ± 2.6 24.3 ± 2.8 23.9 ± 2.9 0.003
WC, cm 86.0 ± 8.7 86.8 ± 8.3 86.7 ± 7.2 88.4 ± 7.2 89.5 ± 7.6 87.9 ± 8.0 < 0.001
SBP, mm Hg 122.2 ± 15.5 121.5 ± 15.9 122.0 ± 16.1 123.8 ± 13.1 124.9 ± 16.1 126.8 ± 16.5 0.012
DBP, mm Hg 71.7 ± 8.4 71.3 ± 9.4 72.5 ± 9.9 73.5 ± 8.2 76.5 ± 10.0 75.7 ± 11.0 < 0.001
FBG, mg/dL 107.6 ± 24.8 111.3 ± 27.6 109.4 ± 24.9 112.1 ± 21.4 111.7 ± 21.6 117.6 ± 30.8 0.007
Total cholesterol, mg/dL 179.1 ± 37.0 173.4 ± 35.0 182.6 ± 35.5 180.3 ± 33.5 192.5 ± 40.2 180.1 ± 38.8 < 0.001
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL 47.5 ± 11.3 45.2 ± 10.5 49.0 ± 11.6 50.5 ± 11.8 53.7 ± 14.7 54.6 ± 16.0 < 0.001
Triglycerides, mg/dL 126.5 ± 81.1 130.4 ± 74.0 130.9 ± 87.6 137.6 ± 87.8 179.5 ± 259.4 194.9 ± 175.3 < 0.001
AST, U/L 23.8 ± 10.9 23.3 ± 12.0 22.4 ± 7.1 26.0 ± 15.6 26.8 ± 16.4 39.1 ± 46.8 < 0.001
GGT, U/L 27.3 ± 23.3 29.4 ± 23.8 36.5 ± 56.7 47.4 ± 68.9 67.0 ± 112.4 153.3 ± 291.0 < 0.001
Hypertension, % 39.5 52.4 38.9 46.1 48.2 53.0 0.001
Diabetes, % 23.8 27.4 20.1 23.7 21.1 28.0 0.176
Hypercholesterolemia, % 12.9 13.0 10.7 11.8 14.0 15.2 0.683
Current smoking, % 17.3 20.2 20.1 27.6 28.1 41.7 < 0.001
Regular exercise, % 29.4 32.2 38.2 29.6 32.5 19.7 0.001
  1. Data are means ± standard deviations.
  2. BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; SBP, systolic blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FBG, fasting blood glucose; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; AST, aspartate aminotransferase; GGT, gamma-glutamyl transferase.
  3. *p for difference was obtained by analysis of variance for continuous variables and chi-square test for categorical variables, respectively.