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Table 3 Measures of smoking and depression used in 13 longitudinal studies that examined the association between smoking and depression in adolescents

From: A systematic review of longitudinal studies on the association between depression and smoking in adolescents

Measures of smoking Study(ies) that used the measure
One puff [11, 39, 45, 65]
One cigarette [26, 27, 34, 38, 46, 48, 76]
Ever (over 100 cigarettes) [36]
No cigarettes in past 6 months [33]
Last 30 days [35, 48, 72]
Daily smoking [26]
Total months of use [27]
No. cigarettes per day [37]
Three or more cigarettes per week [42]
DSM nicotine dependence [37]
Measures of depression Study(ies) that used the measure
Structured or semi structured  
   Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders [42]
   DIS for Children [41]
   DSM-III-R [38]
   Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment [31, 66]
   High Clinical Interview Schedule [26]
Symptomatological  
   CES-D [33, 35, 45, 65]
   Depressed mood questions (unknown scales) [32, 39, 46]
   Mellinger Scale [34, 36, 71]