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Table 1 Women's baseline and follow-up characteristics by IPV patterns (continued abuse vs. ending and never abused)*, n = 370.

From: Ending Intimate Partner Violence after pregnancy: Findings from a community-based longitudinal study in Nicaragua

Characteristics Level Continued abuse
n = 94
Ending abuse
n = 135
Never abused
n = 141
   n (%) n (%) n (%)
Women's age at follow-up (years) 18-23 31 (33) 36 (27) 39 (28)
  24-27 29 (31) 36 (27) 36 (25)
  28-31 19 (20) 31 (23) 27 (19)
  32-50 15 (16) 32 (23) 39 (28)
Marital status baseline Partner 86 (91) 113 (84) 112 (79)
  Alone 8 (9) 22 (16) 29 (21)†
Marital status follow-up Same partner 82 (87) 101 (75) 112 (79)
  New partner/alone 12 (13) 34 (25)† 29 (21)
Employment follow-up Yes 32 (34) 41 (30) 50 (36)
  No 62 (66) 94 (70) 91 (64)
Women's education > 3rd grade 38 (40) 65 (48) 95 (67)
  ≤ 3rd grade 56 (60) 70 (52) 46 (33)†
Parity 1 25 (27) 44 (33) 69 (49)
  2 or more 69 (73) 91 (67) 72 (51)†
Residency Rural 32 (34) 68 (50) 22 (16)
  Urban 62 (66) 67 (50)† 119 (84)†
Socioeconomic status Non poor 36 (38) 46 (34) 71 (51)
  Poor 58 (62) 89 (66) 70 (49)
Perceived emotional distress baseline SRQ ≤ 6 41 (44) 70 (52) 110 (78)
  SRQ ≥ 7 53 (56) 65 (48) 31 (22)†
Perceived emotional distress follow-up SRQ ≤ 6 47 (50) 97 (72) 118 (84)
  SRQ ≥ 7 47 (50) 38 (28)† 23 (16)†
Partner control baseline None 17 (18) 58 (43) 89 (63)
  1-7 activities 77 (82) 77 (57)† 52 (37)†
Partner control Follow-up None 20 (21) 90 (67) 109 (77)
  1-7 activities 74 (79) 45 (33)† 32 (23)†
S. resources baseline High 44 (47) 88 (65) 102 (72)
  Low 50 (53) 47 (35)† 39 (28)†
S. resources Follow-up High 33 (35) 70 (52) 76 (54)
  Low 61 (65) 65 (48)† 65 (46)†
Combined partner control High-increased 74 (79) 45 (33) 32 (23)
  No control-decreased 20 (21) 90 (67)† 109 (77)†
Combined social resources Low-decreased 61 (65) 65 (48) 65 (46)
  High-increased 33 (35) 70 (52)† 76 (54)†
  1. *Women who experienced abused only at follow-up (28) not included, † p < 0.05