Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Prevalence of self-reported acne (quite a lot and very much) across mental distress, diet, lifestyle and socio-demographic factors among 1672 boys and 2103 girls in a cross-sectional study in Oslo, Norway (n = 3775).

From: Is the association between acne and mental distress influenced by diet? Results from a cross-sectional population study among 3775 late adolescents in Oslo, Norway

   Acne
   Males Females
   N   N  
Whole sample   1612 14.4% (12.7-16.1) 2043 12.8% (11.4-14.3)
Mental distress      
  No 1371 13.4% (11.6-15.2) 1327 9,6% (8.0-11.2)
  Yes 229 20.5% (15.3-25.7) 701 18.8% (15.9-21.1)
Diet      
   Soft drinks with sugar Often 405 13.8% (10.4-17.2) 177 11.9% (7.1-16.7)
  Seldom 1196 14.7% (12.7-16.7) 1836 13.0% (11.5-14.5)
   Raw vegetables Often 597 12.7% (10.0-15.4) 999 10.8% (8.9-12.7)
  Seldom 1011 15.2% (13.0-17.4) 1043 14.7% (12.5-16.9)
   Fat fish Seldom 1482 14.1% (12.3-15.9) 1918 12.4% (10.9-13.9)
  Often 123 16.3% (9.8-22.8) 115 17.4% (10.5-24.3)
   Chocolate/sweets Seldom 1124 13.0 (11.0-15.0) 1379 11.7 (10.0-13.4)
  Often 484 17.3 (13.9-20.7) 659 15.2 (12.5-17.9)
   Potato chips Seldom 1361 13.6 (11.8-15.4) 1804 12.5 (11.0-14.0)
  Often 246 18.3 (13.5-23.1) 234 14.5% (10.0-19.0)
Lifestyle      
   Cigarette smoking Yes, daily 281 13.2% (9.2-17.2) 418 10.5% (7.5-13.5)
  Yes, but has quit or sometimes 450 14.4% (11.2-17.6) 577 13.0% (10.3-15.7)
  No, never 878 14.8% (12.4-17.2) 1042 13.5% (11.4-15.6)
   Alcohol intake Often 715 12.7% (10.3-15.1) 710 10.8% (8.5-13.1)
  Seldom 882 15.6% (13.2-18.0) 1294 13.7% (11.8-15.6)
Socio-demographic factors      
   Ethnicity Western 1143 14.5% (12.5-16.5) 1441 10.8% (9.2-12.4)
  Non-Western 322 14.0% (10.2-17.8) 454 18.5% (14.9-22.1)
   Income >1.0 million NOK 335 13.1% (9.5-16.7) 388 8.2% (5.5-10.9)
  0.5-1.0 million NOK 729 14.5% (11.9-17.1) 905 12.2% (10.1-14.3)
  < 0.5 million NOK 282 14.9% (10.7-19.1) 428 17.1% (13.5-20.7)
  1. 95% confidence interval