Skip to main content

Table 2 Crude and adjusted analyses for the association between absence of postnatal visit and maternal characteristics.

From: Inequities in maternal postnatal visits among public and private patients: 2004 Pelotas cohort study

Variables OR crude
(95% CI)
pa OR adjusted
(95% CI)
pa
Family income (quintiles)   < 0.001   < 0.001
   1st (poorest) 5.48 (4.05; 7.42)   2.61 (1.85; 3.66)  
   2nd 4.39 (3.24; 5.96)   2.17 (1.55; 3.05)  
   3rd 3.20 (2.34; 4.38)   2.02 (1.44; 2.82)  
   4th 2.06 (1.49; 2.85)   1.51 (1.07; 2.13)  
   5th (better-off) Reference   Reference  
Maternal skin colour   < 0.001   < 0.001
   Black/mixed 1.91 (1.63; 2.25)   1.37 (1.16; 1.63)  
   White Reference   Reference  
Maternal schooling (y)   < 0.001   < 0.001
   0-4 4.76 (3.77. 6.02)   2.64 (2.01; 3.48)  
   5-8 3.27 (2.69; 3.97)   2.04 (1.64; 2.54)  
   ≥ 9 Reference   Reference  
Marital status   < 0.001   < 0.001
   Single mother 1.62 (1.33; 1.98)   1.49 (1.20; 1.86)  
   With partner Reference   Reference  
Maternal age (y)   < 0.001   0.001
   < 20 1.63 (1.23; 2.15)   1.88 (1.31; 2.70)  
   20-34 1.06 (0.83; 1.35)   1.25 (0.95; 1.65)  
   ≥ 35 Reference   Reference  
Parity   < 0.001   < 0.001
   0 Reference   Reference  
   1 1.25 (1.01; 1.54)   1.47 (1.15; 1.87)  
   ≥ 2 2.03 (1.69; 2.45)   1.89 (1.46; 2.43)  
Smoking during pregnancy   < 0.001   < 0.001
   Never smoked Reference   Reference  
   Smoked < 10 cigarettes p/day 2.03 (1.67; 2.47)   1.33 (1.03; 1.73)  
   Smoked ≥ 10 cigarettes p/day 2.74 (2.11; 3.56)   1.65 (1.32; 2.06)  
Adequacy of antenatal care (Kessner Index)   < 0.001   < 0.001
   Adequate     
   Intermediate Reference   Reference  
   Inadequate 2.67 (2.18; 3.26)   1.77 (1.42; 2.20)  
   No prenatal care 3.44 (2.79; 4.23)   1.95 (1.56; 2.45)  
  9.39 (5.10; 17.29)   3.60 (1.87; 6.92)  
Type of delivery   < 0.001   0.01
   Vaginal 2.24 (1.89; 2.65)   1.29 (1.06; 1.57)  
   C-section Reference   Reference  
Professional who assisted the delivery   < 0.001   0.029
   Doctor     
   Student Reference   Reference  
   Midwife/nurse 1.66 (1.29; 2.14)   1.14 (0.86; 1.50)  
   Nobody/other 2.95 (1.16; 7.49)   2.11 (0.77; 5.76)  
  5.23 (2.89; 9.47)   2.35 (1.22; 4.51)  
Type of insurance scheme   < 0.001   < 0.001
   Public 9.20 (6.21; 13.64)   3.08 (1.99; 4.79)  
   Private Reference   Reference  
  1. a Wald's test