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Table 3 Association between acculturation and use of outpatient specialist care (odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals)§

From: Acculturation and use of health care services by Turkish and Moroccan migrants: a cross-sectional population-based study

  Turkish Moroccan  
  (N = 358) Men (N = 157) Women (N = 131)
Moroccan ethnicity1 --- --- ---
Sex2 1.28 (0.74-2.24) --- ---
Age 3 1.01 (0.98-1.03) 1.03 (0.99-1.08) 1.00 (0.95-1.04)
Education 4 1.15 (0.60-2.18) 1.71 (0.55-5.26) 0.27 (0.08-0.95)*
Self reported health 5 1.73 (1.23-2.42)* 0.85 (0.48-1.51) 1.19 (0.65-2.17)
Number of chronic conditions 6 1.17 (0.98-1.40) 1.41 (1.05-1.89)* 1.33 (0.97-1.82)
Cultural orientation 7 1.14 (0.95-1.36) 0.76 (0.54-1.07) 1.17 (0.84-1.63)
Emancipation 7 1.04 (0.94-1.14) 0.81 (0.71-0.93)* 1.01 (0.86-1.18)
Communication in Dutch 7 0.90 (0.82-0.99)* 1.04 (0.87-1.24) 1.07 (0.92-1.24)
Social interaction 7 1.04 (0.91-1.18) 0.93 (0.75-1.16) 1.23 (0.90-1.54)
  1. § There was interaction between acculturation and ethnicity, and within the Moroccan subpopulation there was also interaction between acculturation and gender.
  2. * p < 0.05 ** p < 0.001
  3. 1 'Turkish ethnicity' served as reference category
  4. 2 'Male gender' served as reference category
  5. 3 Continuous variable (18 years or older). Each step equals +1 year
  6. 4 'Primary school at most' served as reference category
  7. 5 'Excellent self reported health' served as reference category
  8. 6 Continuous variable (range 0-11). Each step equals +1 chronic condition
  9. 7A higher score indicates higher acculturation