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Table 1 Association between the various deprivation indices and all-cause mortality on the commune scale, by degree of urbanicity

From: Ecological association between a deprivation index and mortality in France over the period 1997 – 2001: variations with spatial scale, degree of urbanicity, age, gender and cause of death

    Urban unit category (UUC)
   All of France Rural Quasi-rural Quasi-urban Urban Paris-and-suburbs
Number of spatial units 30,498 24,533 2,466 1,774 1,312 414
Population (in thousand) 59,273 14,101 7,019 11,143 17,196 9,814
  SMR   1.13* 1.17* 1.13* 1.09* 1.00
FDep99 Mean 0 0.34 0.36 0.33 -0.03 -1.07
  Q5-Q1 2.73 1.92 2.03 1.85 2.46 3.54
  SMRQ5/SMRQ1 1.24* 1.11* 1.17* 1.20* 1.29* 1.30*
  Adjusted SMR   1.01 1.04 0.99 1.00 1.00 (ref.)
Townsend Mean 0 -2.92 -1.43 0.15 1.29 2.94
  Q5-Q1 8.62 3.82 5.06 6.57 7.54 9.43
  SMRQ5/SMRQ1 1.02 1.09* 1.15* 1.12* 1.13* 1.11
  Adjusted SMR   1.24* 1.25* 1.16* 1.11* 1.00 (ref.)
Carstairs Mean 0 -1.46 -0.53 0.22 0.59 1.28
  Q5-Q1 6.73 4.59 5.05 5.63 6.98 8.32
  SMRQ5/SMRQ1 1.12* 1.10* 1.16* 1.19* 1.25* 1.15*
  Adjusted SMR   1.19* 1.21* 1.15* 1.10* 1.00 (ref.)
  1. FDep99: First component of a PCA on the commune scale of the variables: median income, % blue-collar workers, % high school graduates, and unemployment rate
  2. Townsend and Carstairs: sum of standardized variables
  3. Q5-Q1: Difference between the index average of communes whose index is higher than the fourth quintile and the index average of communes whose index is lower than the first quintile
  4. SMR: Standardized Mortality Ratio for the period, 1997–2001
  5. SMRQ5/SMRQ1: ratio of the SMR of communes whose deprivation is higher than the fourth quintile and SMR of the communes whose deprivation is lower than the first quintile
  6. Adjusted SMR: SMR of the UUC (ref. 1 for Paris-and-suburbs) adjusted with a log-linear trend for deprivation;
  7. *: the value is statistically significantly different from 1 at the 5% level