Skip to main content

Table 3 Multivariate analysis of HIV infection in young rural women aged 15–24 years

From: Effects of neighbourhood-level educational attainment on HIV prevalence among young women in Zambia

Variables All women Sexually active women only
  Underlying factors With proximate factors Underlying factors With proximate factors
Cluster-level variables     
Education1     
   Low 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Middle 0.49 (0.20–1.21) 0.49 (0.20–1.21) 0.44 (0.18–1.11) 0.41 (0.16–1,06)
   High 0.29 (0.09–0.87) 0.24 (0.09–0.87) 0.29 (0.09–0.90) 0.30 (0.10–0.93)
Individual-level variables     
Education2     
Low 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Middle 1.01 (0.42–2.40) 1.01 (0.42–2.40) 1.00(0.41–2.39) 0.97 (0.40–2.36)
High 1.37 (0.43–4.36) 1.37 (0.43–4,36) 1.25 (0.39–4.06) 1.35 (0.41–4.40)
Current student     
Not student     
Student a a a a
Ever married     
Single 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Married 1.09 (0.36–3.35) 1.09 (0.36–3,35) 0.68 (0.23–2.06) 0.40 (0.13–1.26)
Ever had sex     
No    - -
Yes   a   
Ever given birth     
   No     1.00
   Yes     6.37 (1.24–32.7)
Number of lifetime sexual partners     
   0 partner5     -
   1 partner     1.00
   2 partners     1.05 (0.42–2.63)
   ≥ 3 partners     1.76 (0.67–4.61)
  1. (1) Cluster level education is based on the mean years of educational attainment of the population in the neighbourhoods: rural: low (4.0–5.3), middle (5.4–6.5), high (6.6–9.5)
  2. (2) Individual level education categorization is as follows, rural: low (grade 0 – 4), middle (grade 5 – 7) & high (grade 8 and above).
  3. (3) CI, confidence interval
  4. (4) AOR, age-adjusted odds ratio
  5. (5) '0 partner' is equal to the number young women who have not had sexual intercourse
  6. a AOR could not be computed because the prevalence for one of the elements was zero.
  7. Significant results are in bold (p < 0.05)