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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of HIV infection among young urban women aged 15–24 years

From: Effects of neighbourhood-level educational attainment on HIV prevalence among young women in Zambia

Variables All women Sexually active women only
  Underlying factors With proximate factors Underlying factors With proximate factors
Cluster-level variables     
Education1     
   Low 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Middle 0.85 (0.50–1.44) 0.93 (0.55–1.60) 1.08 (0.60–1.95) 1.08 (0.60–1.94)
   High 0.57 (0.32–1.02) 0.60 (0.33–1.07) 0.64 (0.33–1.23) 0.63 (0.33–1.21)
Individual-level variables     
Education2     
   Low 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Middle 0.73 (0.41–1.28) 0.70 (0.40–1.24) 0.80 (0.43–1.49) 0.79 (0.42–1.49)
   High 0.35 (0.19–0.62) 0.37 (0.21–0.66) 0.43 (0.23–0.80) 0.44 (0.23–0.83)
Current student     
   Not student 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Student 0.66 (0.37–1.17) 0.80 (0.45–1.43) 0.74 (0.37–1.45) 0.76 (0.38–1.50)
Ever married     
   Single 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Married 1.54 (0.89–2.66) 1.31 (0.76–2.27) 1.31 (0.75–2.28) 1.27 (0.69–2.33)
Ever had sex     
   No   1.00   
   Yes   3.60 (1.87–6.93)   
Ever given birth     
   No     1.00
   Yes     1.04 (0.58–1.85)
Number of lifetime sexual partners     
   0 partner5     -
   1 partner     1.00
   2 partners     1.02 (0.57–1.82)
   ≥ 3 partners     1.11 (0.60–2.08)
  1. (1) Cluster level education is based on the mean years of educational attainment of the population in the neighbourhoods: – urban: low (9.0–10.5), middle (10.6–11.0), high (11.1–11.3)
  2. (2) Individual level education categorization is as follows: urban: low (grade 0 – 7), middle (grade 8 – 11), high (grade 12 and above)
  3. (3) CI, confidence interval
  4. (4) AOR, age-adjusted odds ratio
  5. (5) '0 partner' is equal to the number young women who have not had sexual intercourse
  6. Significant results are in bold (p < 0.05)