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Table 1 Odds ratios (with 95% confidence intervals) for being extremely or moderately anxious or depressed.

From: Mental health symptoms in relation to socio-economic conditions and lifestyle factors – a population-based study in Sweden

Variable Category N OR for extremely anxious/depressed OR for moderately anxious/depressed
Socio-economic conditions
Social support No 661 5.3 (3.7, 7.4) 1.8 (1.5, 2.1)
  Probably not 858 6.6 (4.8, 9.0) 3.0 (2.6, 3.6)
  Probably yes 7314 2.3 (1.9, 2.8) 1.6 (1.5, 1.7)
  Yes, definitely (ref.) 25812 1 1
Being belittled (last 3 months) Several times 1097 11.5 (8.8, 15.1) 3.6 (3.1, 4.2)
  Once or twice 6786 3.3 (2.7, 4.0) 2.1 (2.0, 2.2)
  Never (ref.) 26762 1 1
Employment status Disability pensioner 1858 8.5 (6.5, 11.0) 2.9 (2.6, 3.3)
  Unemployed 1697 2.9 (2.2, 4.0) 1.6 (1.4, 1.8)
  Student 2068 2.0 (1.4, 2.8) 1.3 (1.1, 1.4)
  Retired 8516 1.4 (1.1, 1.9) 1.3 (1.2, 1.4)
  Self-employed 1953 1.1 (0.7, 1.9) 1.0 (0.9, 1.1)
  Parental leave 672 1.1 (0.6, 2.2) 0.8 (0.6, 0.9)
  Other 1119 4.3 (3.1, 6.1) 1.5 (1.3, 1.8)
  Employed (ref.) 16762 1 1
Economic hardship (last 12 months) Yes, 3–12 months 2042 3.1 (2.4, 3.9) 1.9 (1.7, 2.1)
  Yes, 1–2 months 3242 1.5 (1.2, 1.9) 1.4 (1.3, 1.5)
  No (ref.) 29361 1 1
Domestic work burdensome All the time 2540 7.2 (5.4, 9.7) 3.0 (2.7, 3.4)
  Sometimes 13994 2.3 (1.8, 3.0) 1.9 (1.8, 2.0)
  Seldom 8538 1.1 (0.8, 1.5) 1.3 (1.2, 1.4)
  Never (ref.) 9573 1 1
Critical life events (last 2 years) Yes 19006 2.2 (1.8, 2.6) 1.4 (1.4, 1.5)
  No (ref.) 15639 1 1
Functional disability Yes 1684 3.4 (2.6, 4.4) 2.0 (1.8, 2.3)
  No (ref.) 32961 1 1
Family status Living with partner 13845 1.3 (1.0, 1.6) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3)
  Living alone 5868 2.1 (1.6, 2.6) 1.4 (1.3, 1.5)
  Single parent 2126 1.3 (1.0, 1.7) 1.2 (1.1, 1.3)
  Other 1693 1.5 (1.0, 2.2) 1.3 (1.2, 1.5)
  Living with partner and children (ref.) 11113 1 1
Physical environment Poor 4081 1.5 (1.2, 1.8) 1.5 (1.4, 1.6)
  Less good 10080 1.2 (1.0, 1.5) 1.3 (1.2, 1.3)
  Good (ref.) 20484 1 1
Participation in associations No 21386 1.9 (1.5, 2.3) 1.3 (1.3, 1.4)
  Yes (ref.) 13259 1 1
Neighbourhood social cohesion Poor 498 1.2 (0.8, 1.9) 1.3 (1.0, 1.6)
  Less good 1637 1.4 (1.1, 1.9) 1.2 (1.1, 1.4)
  Good (ref.) 32510 1 1
Background factors
Gender Female 18443 1.3 (1.1, 1.6) 1.5 (1.4, 1.6)
  Male (ref.) 16202 1 1
Country of birth Outside Europe 1025 2.0 (1.4, 2.8) 1.3 (1.1, 1.5)
  Other European country 923 2.0 (1.3, 2.9) 1.3 (1.1, 1.5)
  Other Nordic country 1694 0.8 (0.6, 1.2) 1.0 (0.9, 1.2)
  Sweden (ref.) 31003 1 1
Lifestyle factors
Physical activity Inactive (<2 h/week) 6070 2.2 (1.6, 3.1) 1.6 (1.4, 1.7)
  Moderate 23897 1.4 (1.0, 1.9) 1.3 (1.2, 1.4)
  Vigorous (ref.) 4678 1 1
Smoking or snuff use Daily 8346 1.4 (1.2, 1.7) 1.2 (1.1, 1.2)
  Not daily (ref.) 26299 1 1
Risk consumption of alcohol Yes 2078 1.6 (1.2, 2.1) 1.4 (1.3, 1.6)
  No (ref.) 32567 1 1
Body mass index Underweight (<18.5) 466 2.3 (1.4, 3.6) 1.5 (1.2, 1.9)
  Normal weight (ref.) 16727 1 1
  Overweight (25–29.9) 12869 0.9 (0.8, 1.1) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
  Obese (>30) 4583 0.9 (0.7, 1.2) 1.0 (1.0, 1.1)
  1. Multinomial logistic regression, all independent variables are included in the same model, age range 18–84 years.