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Table 1 Characteristics of study population [n,%]

From: The association of levels of physical activity with metabolic syndrome in rural Australian adults

  Male Female P-value
n 721 46.8 818 53.2  
Age (mean, SD) 55.8 12.1 55.0 11.7 0.182
Education years (mean, SD) 11.2 2.9 11.4 2.7 0.169
Leisure-time PA level      <0.001
   Inactive 143 19.8 123 15.0  
   Low/moderate 451 62.6 602 73.6  
   High 127 17.6 93 11.4  
Cardiovascular Disease 87 12.1 52 6.4 <0.001
Vascular risk factors      
   Standard alcohol drinks per week (mean, SD) 10.8 14.2 3.8 5.8 <0.001
Current smoker 126 17.5 108 13.4  
Ex-smoker 274 38.1 215 26.7  
Non-smoker 319 44.4 483 59.9  
   BMI (≥30 kg/m2) 202 30.3 255 35.0 0.062
   LDL-cholesterol (>2.5 mmol/L or on lipid lowering medication) 592 89.8 618 84.8 0.005
   Metabolic Syndrome (IDF) 250 39.0 232 33.0 0.022
   Waist circumference (≤102 cm for males and ≤88 cm for females) 453 68.3 529 72.6 0.083
   Hypertension (≥130/85 or on antihypertensive medication) 439 64.4 434 57.1 0.005
   Fasting plasma glucose (≥5.6 mmol/L or on an antidiabetic medication) 215 33.3 144 20.4 <0.001
   HDL-cholesterol (males <1.03 mmol/L; females <1.30 mmol/L) 154 23.6 126 17.9 0.009
   Triglycerides (≥1.7 mmol/L) 224 35.5 200 29.0 0.012
  1. Cardiovascular disease includes stroke, myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery or coronary angioplasty