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Table 4 Multiple linear regression coefficients of smoking cessation for changes in metabolic syndrome parameters after smoking cessation adjusted by change in body mass index.

From: Smoking cessation, alcohol intake and transient increase in the risk of metabolic syndrome among Japanese smokers at one health checkup institution

  Men   Women   Total  
  Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI
All Subjects       
(quitter 558, non-quitter 5314)       
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 3.4 (2.7, 4.1)*** 1.8 (-0.8, 4.5) 3.2 (2.6, 3.9)***
   Fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) -8.2 (-15.5, -0.9)* 4.0 (-9.2, 17.3) -7.1 (-13.9, -0.3)*
   Fasting serum glucose (mg/dL) 1.8 (1.2, 2.5)*** 2.4 (0.3, 4.4)* 1.9 (1.2, 2.5)***
   Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 1.5 (1.0, 2.0)*** -0.5 (-4.1, 3.1) 2.9 (1.8, 4.0)***
   Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 2.1 (1.2, 3.0)*** 0.0 (-2.9, 2.8) 1.9 (1.1, 2.7)***
MetS       
(quitter 33, non-quitter 152)       
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 4.1 (1.5, 6.6)** 39.1 (-774.3, 852.4) 4.2 (1.7, 6.8)**
   Fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) -34.7 (-70.6, 1.2) 90.2 (-2383.4, 2563.9) -36.5 (-72.0, -1.1)*
   Fasting serum glucose (mg/dL) 2.0 (-1.0, 4.9) 37.7 (-1304.6, 1379.9) 2.1 (-0.8, 5.1)
   Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 2.6 (-3.0, 8.2) -33.6 (-216.6, 149.4) 2.5 (-3.1, 8.0)
   Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 1.8 (-2.4, 5.9) 47.2 (-720.1, 814.4) 2.0 (-2.1, 6.1)
without MetS       
(quitter 525, non-quitter 5162)       
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 3.3 (2.6, 4.0)*** 1.6 (-1.1, 4.3) 3.2 (2.5, 3.9)***
   Fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) -7.2 (-14.6, 0.3) 5.2 (-8.2, 18.5) -6.0 (-13.0, 0.9)
   Fasting serum glucose (mg/dL) 1.7 (1.0, 2.4)*** 2.1 (0.1, 4.2)* 1.7 (1.1, 2.4)***
   Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 3.2 (2.0, 4.3)*** -0.5 (-4.1, 3.2) 2.8 (1.7, 4.0)***
   Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 2.1 (1.2, 3.0)*** -0.3 (-3.2, 2.6) 1.8 (1.0, 2.7)***
  1. Coefficients are adjusted for sex, age and change in BMI by multiple linear regression.
  2. 95% CIs are shown in parentheses.
  3. *: P < 0.05, **: P < 0.01, ***:P < 0.001.