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Table 3 Multiple linear regression coefficients of smoking cessation for changes in metabolic syndrome parameters after smoking cessation.

From: Smoking cessation, alcohol intake and transient increase in the risk of metabolic syndrome among Japanese smokers at one health checkup institution

  Men   Women   Total  
  Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI
All Subjects       
(quitter 558, non-quitter 5314)       
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 2.3 (1.6, 3.0)*** 1.6 (-1.1, 4.3) 2.2 (1.6, 2.9)***
   Fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) 3.6 (-3.6, 10.8) 7.5 (-5.9, 20.9) 3.9 (-2.9, 10.7)
   Fasting serum glucose (mg/dL) 2.3 (1.7, 3.0)*** 2.7 (0.6, 4.8)* 2.4 (1.8, 3.0)***
   Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 4.0 (2.8, 5.1)*** 0.0 (-3.6, 3.6) 3.7 (2.6, 4.7)***
   Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 2.7 (1.8, 3.5)*** 0.6 (-2.2, 3.5) 2.5 (1.7, 3.3)***
   Body mass index 0.5 (0.5, 0.6)*** 0.3 (0.1, 0.5) 0.5 (0.4, 0.6)***
MetS       
(quitter 33, non-quitter 152)       
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 3.7 (1.2, 6.1)** 13.3 (-32.2, 58.7) 3.9 (1.5, 6.3)**
   Fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) -10.9 (-46.7, 25.0) -36.9 (-190.7, 116.9) -11.9 (-46.9, 23.0)
   Fasting serum glucose (mg/dL) 3.0 (0.1, 5.8)* 17.5 (-53.2, 88.1) 3.3 (0.5, 6.2)*
   Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 2.9 (-2.4, 8.3) 11.1 (-20.4, 42.5) 3.0 (-2.2, 8.2)
   Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 2.2 (-1.8, 6.1) 24.3 (-18.2, 66.8) 2.7 (-1.2, 6.6)
   Body mass index 0.6 (0.3, 0.9)*** 3.1 (1.0, 5.1)* 0.6 (0.4, 0.9)***
without MetS       
(quitter 525, non-quitter 5162)       
   HDL cholesterol (mg/dL) 2.2 (1.5, 2.9)*** 1.4 (-1.3, 4.1) 2.2 (1.5, 2.9)***
   Fasting triglyceride (mg/dL) 3.9 (-3.5, 11.3) 8.4 (-5.2, 22.0) 4.2 (-2.7, 11.2)
   Fasting serum glucose (mg/dL) 2.2 (1.5, 2.8)*** 2.4 (0.3, 4.5)* 2.2 (1.5, 2.8)***
   Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 3.9 (2.7, 5.0)*** -0.1 (-3.7, 3.5) 3.5 (2.4, 4.6)***
   Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 2.6 (1.7, 3.5)*** 0.2 (-2.7, 3.1) 2.4 (1.6, 3.2)***
   Body mass index 0.5 (0.4, 0.6)*** 0.2 (0.0, 0.5) 0.5 (0.4, 0.5)***
  1. Coefficients are adjusted for sex and age by multiple linear regression.
  2. 95% CIs are shown in parentheses.
  3. *: P < 0.05, **: P < 0.01, ***:P < 0.001.