Skip to main content

Table 2 Adjusted hazard ratio (aHR)a and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of metabolic syndrome according to smoking status.

From: Smoking cessation, alcohol intake and transient increase in the risk of metabolic syndrome among Japanese smokers at one health checkup institution

  Men   Women   Total  
  Non-quitter Quitter Non-quitter Quitter Non-quitter Quitter
n 4972 496 342 62 5314 558
MetS 145 32 7 1 152 33
   aHR 1 2.20 1 0.75 1 2.09
   95% CI Reference 1.50–3.23*** Reference 0.09–6.14 Reference 1.43–3.05***
Major Criteria (BMI) 881 116 57 7 938 123
   aHR 1 1.36 1 0.68 1 1.29
   95% CI Reference 1.12–1.66** Reference 0.31–1.48 Reference 1.07–1.56**
Hypertension 1150 165 43 6 1193 171
   aHR 1 1.34 1 0.75 1 1.30
   95% CI Reference 1.14–1.58*** Reference 0.32–1.76 Reference 1.11–1.53**
Dyslipidemia 1647 170 43 4 1690 174
   aHR 1 1.04 1 0.50 1 1.02
   95% CI Reference 0.89–1.22 Reference 0.18–1.40 Reference 0.87–1.19
Impaired Fasting Glucose 504 68 17 7 521 75
   aHR 1 1.28 1 2.22 1 1.32
   95% CI Reference 0.99–1.65 Reference 0.92–5.37 Reference 1.04–1.69*
Minor Criteria b 584 84 15 3 599 87
   aHR 1 1.37 1 1.05 1 1.35
   95% CI Reference 1.09–1.72** Reference 0.30–3.64 Reference 1.08–1.69**
  1. *: P < 0.05, **: P < 0.01, ***:P < 0.001.
  2. aAdjusted for sex and age (total), or age (men and women).
  3. b Minor criteria include hypertension, dyslipidemia and impaired fasting glucose.
\