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Table 2 Summary of key themes identified from focus groups and how they differ by SES group

From: "Get off the sofa and go and play": Family and socioeconomic influences on the physical activity of 10–11 year old children

Theme Key items for Low SES Schools Key items for Middle/High SES Schools Key items for all SES Schools
1) Parental encouragement of physical activity Parents encourage their children to take part in physical activity They do this through verbal demands Middle/high SES parents encourage their children to take part in physical activity They do this through non-verbal, proactive methods, including logistical support, financial support and co-participation Parents encourage their children to take part in physical activity
2) Activity as a family: Barriers to participation Less participation than middle/high SES groups in family-based activity Money is viewed as a key factor affecting participation in physical activity More participation in family-based activity than low SES groups Time is perceived as a factor influencing participation in family-based activity
3) Types of activity in which children engage: Active play versus organised sports Children engage in more unstructured physical activity/'free play' than those from middle/high SES schools Children participate in more organized/structured activity, such as after-school and weekend sports clubs