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Table 2 Socio-demographics by smoking status for men and women

From: Is the "Glasgow effect" of cigarette smoking explained by socio-economic status?: A multilevel analysis

Variable   Men    Women   
n (%)   Current Smokers n = 3632 (33%) Non/Ex-smokers n = 7401 (67%) p-value Current Smokers n = 4657 (33%) Non/Ex-smokers n = 9346 (67%) p-value
Area Greater Glasgow 612 (38) 992 (62)   866 (40) 1320 (60)  
  Rest of Scotland 3,020 (32) 6409 (68) <0.001 3791 (32) 8026 (68) <0.001
Age 16–24 438 (37) 753 (63)   550 (38) 898 (62)  
  25–34 802 (39) 1250 (61)   1090 (40) 1640 (60)  
  35–44 812 (34) 1555 (66)   990 (34) 1892 (66)  
  45–54 686 (34) 1327 (66)   865 (34) 1649 (66)  
  55–64 631 (31) 1374 (69)   759 (31) 1709 (69)  
  65–74 215 (20) 865 (80)   345 (23) 1124 (77)  
  75 and over 48 (15) 277 (85) <0.001 58 (23) 434 (88) <0.001
Year 1995 1256 (36) 2267 (64)   1665 (38) 2741 (62)  
  1998 1373 (35) 2555 (65)   1763 (35) 3320 (65)  
  2003 1003 (28) 2579 (72) <0.001 1229 (27) 3285 (73) <0.001
Carstairs quintile Least deprived 551 (24) 1773 (76)   635 (22) 2198 (78)  
  2 604 (27) 1611 (73)   778 (28) 1995 (72)  
  3 758 (33) 1519 (67)   915 (33) 1891 (67)  
  4 775 (36) 1372 (64)   1072 (38) 1735 (62)  
  Most deprived 944 (46) 1126 (54) <0.001 1257 (45) 1527 (55) <0.001
Social class I/II 767 (23) 2567 (77)   917 (23) 3145 (77)  
  III 1736 (35) 3223 (65)   2070 (34) 4080 (66)  
  IV/V 1008 (43) 1344 (57) <0.001 1442 (44) 1806 (56) <0.001
  Unknown 121 (31) 267 (69) 0.459a 228 (42) 1806 (56) <0.001a
Economic activity status Employed 2068 (30) 4843 (70)   2183 (31) 4879 (69)  
  Unemployed 438 (59) 300 (41)   211 (52) 196 (48)  
  Retired 295 (19) 1249 (81)   513 (23) 1762 (77)  
  Other economically inactive 825 (45) 1001 (55) <0.001 1738 (41) 2502 (59) <0.001
  Unknown 6 (43) 8 (57) 0.428a 12 (63) 7 (37) 0.006a
Education No qualification 1767 (40) 2641 (60)   2379 (41) 3452 (59)  
  Below degree level 1536 (33) 3185 (67)   1958 (32) 4147 (68)  
  Degree level or above 324 (17) 1564 (83) <0.001 308 (15) 1735 (85) <0.001
  Unknown 5 (31) 11 (69) 0.887a 12 (50) 12 (50) 0.081a
  1. a: p-values for χ 2 test of difference in smoking rates between individuals with complete and those with unknown values