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Table 3 Tobacco cultivation related expenditure and revenue (in US$)

From: Tobacco farming in rural Vietnam: questionable economic gain but evident health risks

Expenditure and Revenue South North
  mean sd median min max mean sd median min max
Annual expenditure (personnel cost not included) 201.2 156.2 187.7 124.3 612.5 279.3 137.0 275.0 135.3 618.8
Annual expenditure (personnel cost included) 376.0 273.9 374.3 213.4 726.1 609.9 240.0 621.9 187.0 955.0
Annual revenue 553.4 434.5 500.0 323.2 850.0 467.6 290.3 437.5 233.8 997.0